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Flashcards in midterm Deck (20)
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1

Biases are reflected when we

all of the above
Assess clients with instruments that have not been normed on the population they represent
Neglect social and community factors to focus unduly on individualism
Strictly adhere to Western counseling theories without considering their applicability to the client’s diverse cultural background

2

Archetypes can be defined as:

The images of universal experiences contained in the collective unconscious

3

In doing a lifestyle assessment with Ruth, the therapist is likely to gather information about her life except for:

Her transference toward the therapist

4

Adler said all people had 3 universal life tasks to successfully master. Which of the following is not one of the 3 universal tasks?

Defining meaning

5

When a client projects feelings toward the therapist that he or she originally had toward a significant other, it is called

Transference

6

A counselor who has directly attempted to define a client’s values, attitudes, beliefs, and behaviors is referred to as a

Value imposition

7

The client’s tendency to inhibit or fight against the therapeutic process is known as

Resistance

8

Examples of a counselor who is engaged in a dual relationship could include

Bartering for goods or therapeutic services

9

Freudians refer to the ego as

The executive administrator of the personality and the reality principle

10

Most therapists agree that ego defense mechanisms deny or distort reality. Rationalization, compensation, repression, projection, reaction formation, identification, introjections, denial, and displacement are ego defense mechanisms. According to the Freudians, the most important defense mechanism is

Repression

11

“Fictional finalism” is an Adlerian term meaning:

An imagined central goal that guides our behavior

12

Adler emphasized that people wish to belong. This is known as

Social connectedness

13

The school of counseling created by Carl R. Rogers, Ph.D., has undergone three name changes. Initially it was called _____, then _______, and in 1974 it changed to ______.

Nondirective counseling; Client-Centered Therapy; the Person-Centered approach

14

Rogers’ approach to counseling will prove least effective with:

A client who is not very verbal

15

Critics of the Rogerian approach feel that

B and C
More confrontation is necessary, though Rogers did encourage caring confrontation

It does not emphasize relationship concerns

16

Biases are reflected when we

All of the above
Neglect social and community factors to focus unduly on individualism
Strictly adhere to Western counseling theories without considering their applicability to the client’s diverse cultural background
Assess clients with instruments that have not been normed on the population they represent

17

Frankel is an existentialist. So are

Yalom and May

18

A client who is undergoing Gestalt Therapy and states, “It is difficult to get a job in New York City” would be asked by the counselor to

Change the verbalizations to an “I” statement

19

Existential counselors emphasize the clients’

Free choice, decision, and will

20

Gestalt therapy emphasizes

Awareness in the here and now and dream work