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Flashcards in Midterm Deck (46)
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1

pugnacious proposition

where and how do we start looking for truth
Kierkegaard

2

foundationalism

unless you can form solid foundation of knowledge and certainty you can't learn
you can always go back to your foundation and start new

3

Geworfinheit

throwness/state of being thrown into existence into certain world
embrace it or change it
Kierkegaard

4

presuppositions

come from context of world we were thrown into
you can never wash these away

5

Hermeneutics

applying what you read from long ago to present day

6

3 aspects of interpretation

explain
translate (interlingual or intralingual)
proclaim

7

3 words for love

philia
agape (unconditional love--used in scripture)
eros (sexual--lower form of love)

8

Socrates love story

told by diotima
poros=god penia=goddess
poros got drunk at party at mt. olympus and passes out. penia sees him unconcious and rapes him and becomes pregnant and has a son. son is combo of them (poros=god of plenty/fullness penia=goddess of poverty/emptiness) love=fullness that is empty

9

erotic drive

desire for what you do not have

10

socratic method

method of dialogue to learn
questioning to gain wisdom

11

question of suicide

if yes--life has no meaning, no reason to study philosophy
if no--life has meaning

12

Hermeneutics of finitude

finite--has beginning and end

13

principle of fallibility

open to failure
1. at best our interpretations are correct but incomplete
2. our interpretations are wrong

14

Hermeneutics of suspicion

comes from deception and sin
opinion based on ulterior motives

15

ontology

study of being
"i think ____ is real and i think ____ is not real."

16

Great Chain of Being

distinction between kinds of being

17

Polarities

1. tension between One and Many
2. tension between appearance and reality

18

Many

leaves open possibility for chaos
plurality raises issue of difference which causes uncomfort and uncertainty
uncomfort can lead to violence (Nazis)

19

Parmenides on One/Many

disregards many
if you accept there is plurality then you have to accept concept of non/being or nothing (concept of nothing must be wrong bc you're always thinking about something)

20

synthesis

becoming
acorn is not an oak tree but it can become one but then it won't be an acorn

21

Hereclitus on appearance/reality

can't just dismiss senses
unless you have many you don't have one
difference and change in many is what unifies it (take out many you find chaos)
tension/conflict=idea of being bc you want things in tension (universe=tension produced by interactions of many)

22

plato's ontology

driven by epistemology (study of knowledge)
idea of truth, justice, good, and virtue all have 1 meaning (objectivity)

23

2 aspects to reality

1. idea (reality of ideas
2. matter (reality of matter in which ideas are expressed)

24

standard of good

criteria that applies to everyone

25

ideas (forms)

one
soul/mind
lower forms and higher forms (highest=sun)
eternal/immortal

26

shadows (types)

many
body (matter)
temporal/mortal (beginning and end)

27

apriori knowldedge

knowledge prior to experience

28

anamnesis

to remember
remembering forms we have forgotten at birth

29

death

return of soul to the forms and body to matter
return to knowing all forms at death

30

4 theories of knowledge

rationalism
empiricism
transcendental philosophy
intuition