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Flashcards in Midterm Deck (29)
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1

Sociological Imagination

Connects distant and abstract, historically forces, everyday experiences / enables us to grasp info between history and biography EX) what roles are proper for men and women (think of where your'e from) distinguishes between personal and public issues /// Always being able to connect problems to history

2

Socialization

people internalize values and beliefs and norms in a society and learn to function as a member of that society

3

Social institutions

networks on society that work to social groups of people / ambiguous / ex) family

4

Social Construction of reality

who we are isn't a choice / ex) movie in class - how much of ourselves are being influenced by ads

5

False Consciousness

mislead beliefs / Ex) belief = Im a king because God wants me to be, actual = you can kill the king to become the king

6

Public issues

ex) can't come to class because there is no more seats

7

Structure

establishments created by enduring patterns of collective behavior on society

8

conflict theory

carl marx //claims society is in a state of conflict due to competition for limited resources. It says that social order is maintained by domination and power, rather than conformity.

9

symbolic interactionalism theory

max weber // behavior created through interaction and symbols // race gender

10

functionalism theory

emile durkheim// passed down from generation to generation // everything in the body has a function, everything in society has a function // equilibrium does not necessarily mean = stability

11

inductive approach to research

starts with empirical observation and works to form a theory. finds correlation by noticing a change in two things simultaneously

12

Structure

establishments created by enduring patterns of collective behavior on society / structure is not the law, there is no rule/ not written rules

13

Agency

-individuals have to act and make change in society
-family (unit of socialization), school (gender roles), tv ( conformity) Ex) James bond because he's free from structure

14

Agency v power

agency -choosing to think for self// power = what allows us to choose

15

hobbes

humans are naturally bad society makes them good

16

Roussea

humans are naturally good but society makes them bad

17

carl marx contributions

(conflict theory ) capitalism = greed // what is produced is more important than us

18

max weber contributions

(interpretive sociology- mirco scale -sociological interactionalism , ex) rituals / norms / symbols) - // believes we should examine the meanings we put on things // capitalism = culture

19

emile durkheim contributions

(functionalism theory ) society holds together capitalism ex) June is a popular month to get married in // stresses society as a type of organism where different institutions each have a purpose

20

deductive approach to research

starts with a theory, develops a hypothesis, makes empirical observations

21

spencer- functionalist theory

compared societies to living organisms

22

Merton- functionalist theory

maifest function (intended )vs latent function (unintended)

23

Modern (ct) mills, dahnendorf , culkins - conflict theory

see conflict among many groups and interests ex) old vs young producers v consumer

24

goffman - interactionist theory

saw social life as a form of theater

25

homans interactionist theory

the way people influence one another / reward and punishment

26

garfinkel interactionist theory

below social behavior = ppl create and share understanding of social life

27

functionalist theory on school

schools maintain the social system, skills and jobs transmit culture values
wwoc ex)

28

conflict theory on schools

education= avenue , avenue is obstructed for certain groups / social class effects students academic achievement / segregated , education is used for competitiveness
wwoc ex) girls who get pregnant and keep the baby (mexicans) and cant finish school = obstructed , academic achievement is gone

29

interactionist theory on schools

emphasize daily activities within schools, interactions between teachers and students / influence over student peer group over individuals
wwoc ex) girl talk , lorena flirting with the sub teacher , the lack of control,