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Flashcards in Middle Ages Deck (36)
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What is the feudal system

The name given to the system of land ownership in the middle Ages

1

What is a fief

An area of land which the king granted a lord. In return the lord promises to fight for the king

2

What is a motte

A man-made hill on which a Castle was built

3

What is a bailey

The court yard of medieval Castle

4

What is a moat

A deep ditch dug around the walls of a castle

5

What is a keep

A large square tower

6

What is a portcullis

An iron gate which could be lowered over the entrance of the Castle during an attack

7

What is a turret

A small tower built on a castle wall

8

What is a barbican

A defensive gatehouse at the entrance of a castle

9

What is fosterage

A common practice in the middle Ages whereby the children of the lord and lady of the castle were sent to other noble families to supervise the up bringing

10

What is hawking

A form of hunting whereby birds of prey are trained to hunt for small animals

11

What is the Manor

The land owned by the lord

12

What is demense

The land retained by the lord for his own use

13

What is a page

The first stage of the Knights training. Young boys were taught manners and basic fighting skills

14

What is squire

The second stage of a knights training. Squires accompanied full trained Knights and learn how to fight with real weapons

15

What is a tournament

A contest between Knights

16

What is jousting

A contest in which two Knights on horseback charge at each other with a lance in an attempt to unseat their opponent

17

What is chivalry

A code of conduct for Knights

18

What is the open field system

A system in which the land in the village is divided into three large fields and then divided into different strips, which were farmed by the serfs

19

What is a serf

A peasant who was not allowed to leave the village without the lord's permission

20

What is a tithe

Every year the serfs had to give one tenth of their crops to the parish priest to pay for the upkeep of the church

21

What is pottage

A vegetable stew

22

What is a charter

A list of rules from the medieval town or city

23

What is the toll

Money that had to be paid in order to trade in the medieval town

24

What is the curfew

Once darkness came, townspeople had to extinguish all fires

25

What is a guild

An organisation for craft workers which had strict rules for all its members

26

What is pillory

A medieval form of punishment where an offender's hands and head were locked in a wooden frame

27

What is a sanctuary

A place of refuge from the law within church grounds

28

What is a cloister

A walled, enclosed area in a monastery where monks prayed

29

What is the abbot

The monk in charge of the monastery