Meds Special edition Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Meds Special edition Deck (5)
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1

Sulfonylureas

-amide
-zide
-ride

Stimulate the beta cells to produce more insulin.

Common side effects- Hypoglycemia, GI disturbance, Dermatologic reactions, and disulfiram reactions with alcohol ingestion.

2

Biganide

metformin

Wont cause hypoglycemia
Don't give to renal patient.
Avoid alcohol
Withheld for contrast media or no oral intake before and 48 hours after.

Can cause lactic acidosis (Chills, diarrhea, dizziness, decreased blood pressure, muscle pain, sleepiness, bradycardia, dyspnea, weakness)

3

alpha glucosidase inhibitors

acarbose
miglitol

Main side effect-gas forming

4

Vasopressors

phenylephrine
vasopressin

Vasoconstrictor- Side effects drowsiness, listlessness, convulsion, coma, Report chest pain (possible MI)

Give at night with 2 glasses of water to prevent nausea, skin blanching, and cramps.

5

Thyroid preparations- Replacement

levothyroxine
liothyronine
liotrix
thyroid

Assess apical pulse, and report chest pain
S/E- Hyperthyroidism,
full effects takes weeks
Give with full glass of H20 30-60 minutes before breakfast
Therapy is life long