Medieval Europe - BG INFO Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Medieval Europe - BG INFO Deck (8)
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1

Romanesque Period

10th, 11th, 12th centuries

2

Gothic period

13th, 14th centuries

3

Life before Medieval Europe

-Roman Empire collapsed, Europe fell into dark ages (era of conflict + wars)
-poverty + disease common place
-fear that world would end in year 1000

4

Life in medieval Europe

-peace brought prosperity
-new farming methods -> growth in population
-renewed energy in learning, philosophy, technology
-increases in pilgrimage, devotion t saints + relics
-growth in churches built

5

Reasons for triumph of the church

-men of intelligence joined church, church men became the great thinkers + educators of the period

-the Pope brought new strict rules on celibacy, so monasteries grew in strength + wealth

-the Church was an international institution with no allegiance to any state

6

The organisation of the church

-Bishops ruled their diocese

-Bishops + archbishops freq. came from wealthy families so they often sat on the kings council + in government

-church was outside feudal system

-church supported by heavy taxes + received donations, made it v. wealthy + power to influence rulers

-guided everyone's life from kings to servants

7

influence of the church on Romanesque art

-church encouraged religious pilgrimages + people travelled large distances to visit relics

-new monasteries established often with relic of a saint, Churches designed to accommodate visitors who came to pray before relic. New style of architecture + sculpture evolved to meet these needs.

-Christian armies (crusades) supported by church set out to recapture Jerusalem + other former Christian sites. Cities that supported + profited from crusade travels grew wealthy + prosperous

8

relics and pilgrimages

-relics were objects associated with Jesus. Christians travelled miles to pray at these relics
-Church leaders encouraged people to make these journeys
-During 11th century, tomb of St James found in Santiago de Compostela. It became the most famous Christian pilgrimage
-churches built along the 3 main pilgrimage routes