Flashcards in Medicine on the Western Front Deck (65)
What was the problem with horse drawn ambulances?
- Artillery shells and bombs destroyed many roads making them unusable
- men were shaken about making their injuries worse
- it was very slow and often lead to capture
Why were motor ambulances eventually used?
Why did the British revert to using horse drawn ambulances even after receiving funding for motor ones?
The motor ones couldn't operate in muddy conditions
How many horses were used in the muddiest conditions?
6 instead of the usual 2
When did the first ambulance train arrive?
What did the RAMC use before the ambulance train arrived?
French cargo trains
What did the most advanced ambulance trains have?
What were the advantages of barge ambulances over train?
- harder targets for the Germans
- allowed wounded to bypass Base Hospital and be taken straight back to Britain
What were the 3 main injuries / diseases / illnesses on the western front?
What were the symptoms of trench foot?
Painful swelling of the feet caused by standing in cold mud and water. In the 2nd stage, gangrene set in
the decomposition of body tissue due a loss of blood supply
What was the solution for trench foot?
Preventions and if gangrene developed, amputation of the leg
What were the preventions for trench foot?
Keeping feet dry
Regularly changing socks
rubbing whale oil into feet
What were the main symptoms of trench fever?
Flu like symptoms with high temperature, headache and aching muscles
Why was trench fever a major problem?
It affected half a million men on the western front
What was the approach to defeating trench fever?
In 1918 when it the cause was identified with lice delousing stations were set up
What was the effect of delousing stations?
The numbers experiencing trench fever declined
What were the symptoms of shellshock?
tiredness, headaches, nightmares, loss of speech, uncontrollable shaking and complete mental breakdown
What was shellshock later identified as?
How many british troops experienced shellshock?
What were the treatment methods for shellshock?
Treatment back in britain for major cases
Some soldiers were accused of cowardice and punished - some were even shot
Why could minor wounds lead to death?
the soil was filled with rich fertiliser that carried bacteria that could cause gangrene infections
When was the brodie helmet introduced?
What was the effect of the brodie helmet?
Reduced head wounds by 80%
What was the previous alternative to the brodie helmet?
a flat cap
When was chlorine gas first used?
April-May 1915, Second Battle of Ypres by the Germans
What were the effects of chlorine gas?
death by suffocation
What were the original gas masks made of?
Cotton pads soaked with urine pressed to soldier's faces
When were gas masks introduced?