Medical Specialties & Vocabulary Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Medical Specialties & Vocabulary Deck (60)
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1

swallowing air

Aerophagia

2

sudden increased hair loss

Alopecia

3

used to assess the size, shape and composition of the human body (ex: BMI or a growth chart)

Anthropometric

4

the primary symptom that a patient states as the reason for seeking medical care

Chief Complaint (CC)

5

chronic liver disease

Cirrhosis

6

removal of the gallbladder

Cholecystectomy

7

painful or difficult urination

Dysuria

8

the heart points to the right side instead of the left

Dextrocardia

9

electronic record of patients' health-related information and can be created, managed and accessed from multiple health care organizations (should always back up on a storage device)

Electronic Health Record (EHR)

10

electronic record of patient's health-related information and can be created, managed and accessed within a single health care organization (should always be backed up on a storage device)

Electronic Medical Record (EMR)

11

promotes coagulation and stops bleeding

Hemostasis

12

low blood sugar that can be helped by giving the patient orange juice

Hypoglycemia

13

restriction of oxygen-rich blood to a portion of the body

Ischemia

14

hormone secreted by the parathyroid gland that is important in bone growth; associated with the regulation of calcium in the body

Parathyroid Hormone

15

requires the inclusion of both family and patient regarding the patient's care

Patient-Centered Care

16

inflammation of the pericardium (surrounding lining of the heart)

Pericarditis

17

equipment that protects the wearer from bodily injury or infection; OSHA mandates it be free of charge

Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)

18

broken capillaries due to bleeding under the skin; can be caused by a tourniquet that is too tight

Petechiae

19

inflammation of the kidney which can cause pain in the lower and mid-back

Pyelonephritis

20

disease of the retina that results in impairment or loss of vision; can be a complication of diabetes mellitus

Retinopathy

21

episodes of dizziness and a sensation of spinning with certain head movements -caused by inner ear disorder -can be caused by performing an ear irrigation on a patient

Vertigo

22

a format for communicating important patient information in a chart in an organized manner Subjective: information the patient conveys Objective: measurable information about the patient (vitals, diagnostic findings, etc.) Assessment: a detailed examination by the provider to determine health status Plan: a series of proposed interventions to improve health or treat disease

SOAP Notes

23

common office test used to assess how well your lungs work by measuring how much air you inhale, how much you exhale and how quickly you exhale (requires 2 maneuvers)

Spirometry

24

fainting, which can exhibit as dizziness, lightheadedness and ringing in ears

Syncope

25

refers to the coordination and continuity of health care during a movement of the patient from one healthcare setting to another or to home

Transition of Care

26

arterial blood gases

ABG's

27

complete blood count

CBC

28

chief complaint

CC

29

difficult, painful

Dys

30

surgical removal

-ectomy