Med Math Week 1 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Med Math Week 1 Deck (47)
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Adverse drug reaction

An undesirable response to a drug by a patient, may be mild or fatal

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Agonist

A drug that brings about a specific action by binding with the appropriate receptor.

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Antagonist

A drug that inhibits a specific action by binding with a particular receptor

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Compounding

Any manipulation performed to produce a dosage-form drug, other than the manipulations described in the directions for use on the labeling of an approved drug product

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Drug

A substance used to diagnose prevent or treat disease

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Efficacy

The extent to which a drug causes the intended effects in a patient

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Extra label use

The use of a drug that is not specifically listed on the US FDA approved label

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Half-life

The amount of time that it takes for the quantity of a drug in the body to be reduced by 50%

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Manufacturing

The bulk production of drugs for resale outside of the veterinarian-client-patient relationship

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Metabolism (biotransformation)

The biochemical process that alters a drug from an active form to a form that is inactive or that can be eliminated from the body

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Parenteral

The route of administration of injectable drugs

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Partition coefficient

The ratio of the solubility of substances between two states in which they may be found

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Prescription drug

A drug that is limited to the use under the supervision of a veterinarian because of potential danger difficulty of administration or other considerations

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Regimen

The plan; contains how much, how often, how long

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Residue

An amount of a drug still present in animal tissue or products at a particular point

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Veterinarian-client-patient relationship

The Vet must know the client and patient b4 administering or prescribing a drug

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Withdrawal time

The length of time it takes for a drug to get out of an animals tissue

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Drug sources

Plants based (botanical)
Animal based (animal)
Mineral based ( duh!)
Electrolytes
Synthesized (lab created)

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Inactive ingredients

Classified as binders, coating, coloring agents, disintergrants, emulsifiers, fillers, flavoring, flow agents, humectants, preservatives, sweeteners, and thickeners

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What is pharmacotherapy

Treatment of disease, illness, or medical condition with the use of drugs

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Pharmacokinetics

Events that occur after administration, a drug's effect on the movement of a patient

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Rx means

Prescription

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OTC means

Over the counter

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PO describes

Administration by mouth or enteral

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IV describes

Admin intravenous

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IM describes

Admin intramuscular

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SC describes

Admin subcutaneously

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ID describes

Admin into the skin intardermal

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IP describes

Admin intraperitoneal (into the abdomen)

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IA describes

Intraarterial (into an artery)