Flashcards in Making Professional Judgements Deck (8)
What is the duty of care?
A duty of care may owed to another, to ensure that they do not suffer any unreasonable harm or loss
What is the legal test for duty of care?
1. MUST be harm CAUSED
2. Harm MUST have been FORESEEABLE
3. MUST be sufficient PROXIMATE relationship between the parties
4. MUST be JUST AND REASONABLE to impose such duty
State the basic biomedical principles?
1. Non maleficence- if its benefiting patient (avoiding harm)
2. Beneficence (patient first concern)
3. Autonomy (individuals consent on body)
4. Justice (treat everyone the same)
What is non maleficence?
Justification for acts and omissions
Witholding and withdrawing treatment which isn't benefiting patient
What is beneficence?
Promote the well being of others
Encompasses medical paternalism (You know what you're talking about)
Acting without consent or overriding a person's wishes, wants or actions.
In order to benefit the patient or preventing harm
What is autonomy?
Individual's action ought to be the result of his or her own choice
Freedom to act independently
Competent adult's informed decision to refuse (even life saving) treating supersedes offer of treatment
What is justice?
Treat cases in similar ways
Same respect to patients in different circumstances
Distribute health care resources (goods and service) fairly