Maegan's Quiz #4 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Maegan's Quiz #4 Deck (27)
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1

What is a metabolic process in which complex substances are broken down by living cells into simple compounds. The process liberates energy for use in work, energy storage, or heat production. Carbon dioxide and water are produced, as well as energy?

Catabolism

2

What word pertains to the stomach?

Gastric

3

What is the coordinated, rhythmic serial contraction of smooth muscle that forces food through the digestive tract, bile through the bile duct, and urine through the ureters?

Peristalsis

 

4

What is a lack or loss of appetite, resulting in the inability to eat. The condition may result from poorly prepared or unattractive food or surroundings, unfavorable company, or various physical and psychological causes?

Anorexia

5

What is the aggregate of all chemical processes that take place in living organisms, resulting in growth, generation of energy, elimination of wastes, and other body functions as they relate to the distribution of nutrients in the blood after digestion?

Metabolism

6

What is the surgical removal of the gallbladder, performed to treat cholelithiasis, cholecystitis, and gallbladder cancer. Surgery may be delayed while the acute inflammation is treated?

Cholecystectomy

7

What is pertaining to the internal organs in the abdominal cavity?

Visceral

8

What is the action or process of vomitting?

Emesis

9

What is the word that pertains to the area beneath the tongue?

Sublingual

10

What is a drug that is effective against vomiting and nausea?

Antiemetic

11

What is pain that results from the activation of nociceptors of the thoracic, pelvic, or abdominal viscera. It is felt as a poorly localized aching or cramping sensation and is often referred to cutaneous sites?

Visceral Pain

12

What is the word for of or relating to the sense of smell?

Olfactory

13

What is the word that pertains to the sense of hearing and the hearing organs involved?

Auditory

14

What is the word that pertains to the act or sense of taste or the organs of taste?

Gustatory

15

What is the capacity for sight?

Vision

16

What is the field of medicine that deals with the nervous system and its disorders?

Neurological

17

What is constriction of the pupil of the eye?

Miotics

18

What is a drug that causes the pupil of the eye to dilate; used to aid eye examinations?

Mydriatic

19

What is a medication delivered from opium or produced syntheically, alter percetion of pain. act centarlly , cause addiction, no anti-inflammatory effect?

Narcotic Analgesic

20

What is a medication that acts peripherally , does not cause addiction, has anti-inflammatory effects?

Non-Narcotic Analgesic

21

What are a class of drugs that provide analgesic and antipyretic (fever-reducing) effects, and, in higher doses, anti-inflammatory effects?

Non-opioid analgesics

Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Agents

22

What is a subjective noise sensation, often described as ringing, heard in one or both ears. It may be a sign of acoustic trauma, aspirin toxicity, multiple sclerosis, Ménière's disease, otosclerosis, presbycusis, or an accumulation of cerumen impinging on the eardrum or occluding the external auditory canal. It occasionally occurs for no apparent reason?

Tinnitus

23

What is an unpleasant sensation caused by noxious stimulation of the sensory nerve endings. It is a subjective feeling and an individual response to the cause?

Pain

24

What is generally well-localized pain that results from the activation of peripheral nociceptors without injury to the peripheral nerve or central nervous system?

Somatic Pain

25

What is it to put (thoughts, speech, or data) into written or printed form?

Transcribe

 

26

What is it to continuously measure and adjust the balance of (a physiological function or drug dosage)?

Titrate

27

What is a consequence of a medical treatment in any kind, the results of which are judged to be desirable and beneficial. This is true whether the result was expected, unexpected, or even an unintended consequence of the treatment?

Therapeutic Effect