Localisation of Cortical Function Flashcards Preview

Medicine, Year 1 Block 6 (Psychological Medicine) > Localisation of Cortical Function > Flashcards

Flashcards in Localisation of Cortical Function Deck (20)
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1

How might you perform Functional Cortical Mapping? What techniques

Functional MRI
PET

2

How is Brodmann's areas classified?

Histological cytoarchitectural differences

3

Draw out the Circle of Willis

-

4

For language to be affected, the lesion is most likely to be in which half of the brain?

Left hemisphere

5

The pre-central gyrus is..? Which Brodmann's Area is this?

The primary motor cortex
Broadmann Area 4

6

The post-central gyrus is..? Which Brodmann's Area is this?

The primary somatosensory cortex

Brodmann's Area 1, 2, 3

7

Broadmann's Area 6 is..?

Supplementary Motor Cortex

8

The Supplementary Motor Cortex is Broadmnann's Area..?

6

9

Aside from Brodmann's Area 1, 2 and 3 - are there any other sensory cortex functional areas?

39 and 40

10

What is Broca's aphasia?

Can understand language, but cannot speak

11

What is Wernicke's aphasia?

Can speak, but cannot understand language

12

A patient with Broca's aphasia has a lesion where?

Postero-inferior frontal lobe (Broca's Area)

13

A patient with Wernicke's aphasia has a lesion where?

Junction of Temporal / Parietal / Occipital lobes (Wernicke's Area)

14

What is Broca's aphasia also known as?

Expressive / Motor aphasia

15

What is Wernicke's aphasia also known as?

Receptive / Sensory aphasia

16

What is the artery referred to as the "Stroke artery"?

Middle cerebral artery

17

The pre-frontal cortex is supplied by what artery?

Anterior cerebral artery
Middle cerebral artery

18

If the lower limb is more affected than the upper limb in a stroke, which artery is the stroke likely to be in?

Anterior cerebral artery

19

If the upper limb / speech is affected in a stroke, which artery is the stroke likely to be in?

Middle cerebral artery

20

Which sulcus is primarily is the Primary Visual Area? What Broadmann's Area is it?

Brodmann's Area 17, and the gyrus of either side of Calcarine sulcus