Live Session 1 - Effects of Admin and Duties of Administrator Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Live Session 1 - Effects of Admin and Duties of Administrator Deck (32)
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What are the effects of Administration

1. Any admin receiver will vacate office
2. Receivers, other than admin receivers, will vacate office
3. No resolution may be passed to wind up the company
4. No order may be made to wind up the company
5. No steps may be taken to enforce security unless have permission of administrator or court
6. No steps may be taken to repossess goods under HP agreement, chattel lease or ROT Agreement
7. Landlord may not exercise right of forfeiture be peaceable re-entry unless administrator or court consents
8. No legal process may be initiated or continued against the company without the consent of the administrator or court


What is the status of the administrator

Administrator is an officer of the court and owes a responsibility to all creditors and the court.

The administrator must act fairly and impartially and perform his duties as quickly and efficiently and as is reasonably possible.


What is the primary duty of the administrator

To perform his functions with the objectives of the administration in mind -
1. To rescue the company as a going concern
2. To achieve a better return for creditors than would be achieved in a winding up
3. To realise property and to settle one or more secured or preferential claims.

Administrator owes a duty to all creditors, unless only secured or preferential will be paid


What other duties does the Administrator have

1. Owes a duty to the company and general body of creditors - and not to any one creditor.
2. On appointment must take custody and control over all property.
3. Manage the affairs, business and property of the company in accordance with objectives of proposal to achieve objective of administration
4. Must comply with Court directions
5. Must comply with SIP2 investigations by officer holders
6. Must submit return on directors conduct within three months of appointment


What are the specific duties an administrator must do on appointment

1. Publicise appointment
2. Request a Statement of Affairs
3. Prepare proposal
4. Creditors' decision process
5. IP Case Record
6. Reporting


How, where and to whom does an administrator publicise his appointment

1. Gazette - Publish ASARP
2. Registrar - Within 7 days of receipt of sealed copy

The administrator must also give notice to the following 7 parties:

1. The Company
2. All known Creditors
3. Creditors who have distrained against company property
4. CVA Supervisor
5. High Court Enforcement officers charged with executing order against company property
6. Admin Receiver or other receiver
7. Winding up petitioner & provisional liquidator

In exam consider who else is in the story.


What is the process for requesting a Statement of Affairs

Administrator requests SoA from relevant person ASARP following appointment.

Relevant person has 11 days from date of request to provide the SoA to administrator

Administrator may extend period or revoke demand for SoA

Administrator may ask another relevant person for a Statement of Concurrence verified by a Statement of Truth

SoA does not need to be filed at Court but does need to be filed with Registrar ASARP.

Expense of preparing an SoA is an expense of the administration


Who is a relevant person

Persons who are or have been officers of the company or those who in the previous year have been promoters, officers or employees of the company


Can the administrator limit disclosure of SoA

Where the disclosure of the SoA is likely to:

1. Be prejudicial to the conduct of the administration
2. Reasonably likely to to lead to violence against any person

The administrator can apply to court for order of limited disclosure. Court can order that all or part of the SoA does not need to be filed with the Registrar.

The administrator has a duty to apply to Court when circumstances change that limiting disclosure is no longer necessary.

Creditors have the right to appeal to Court to compel disclosure


What is the purpose of the administrators proposal and when does it need to be completed

Proposal must set out how the purpose of the administration is going to be achieved.

If purpose is to realise property and settle one more secured or preferential creditors the proposal must say why the administrator does not think that the company can be rescued as a going concern or why it may not result in a better return than a winding up.

Proposal must be completed ASARP and within 8 weeks of appointment.

Creditors must be given at least 14 days notice of creditor decision process and proposal must be voted on within 10 weeks of appointment.


Who should proposal be sent to

All known creditors.

Proposal must also be sent to members. This can be done by publishing notice in a newspaper providing an address to which members can write to apply for a copy of the proposal


When is it not necessary to seek creditor approval for proposals

1. Creditors will be paid in full
2. There will be no distributions to creditors
3. The only payment to unsecured creditors is from the prescribed part.


What options does the administrator have to obtain creditors decision

1. Deemed consent process
2. Qualifying Decision Making Process

The proposal must be accompanied by a notice to creditors of the decision procedure


What must be included if using deemed consent procedure

1. Identification details for proceedings
2. Name of administrator
3. Date administrator was appointed
4. Date on which statement of proposals delivered to creditors


What else should be done at initial creditor decision making process

Creditors should be invited to decide whether a creditors' committee should be established and to invite nominations.

Date that nominations must be received by should be included in notice.

Statement that nominations can only be accepted if administrator is satisfied that a creditor is eligible


What is the deadline for votes if holding a virtual meeting

Deadline is 4.00pm the business day before the virtual meeting for claims and proxies.

Chair of meeting has discretion to accept proofs later.


What is the deadline if deemed consent or other procedure is used

The day of the creditors' decision date


How is a claim valued by the administrator

Take the full value of their claim as at the date of appointment, less any amounts that can be set off, less any amounts paid to the creditor in respect of the debt since.


How are HP, Chattel lease and conditional sale agreement creditor claims valued

Their claim consists of any amounts due and payable as at the date of administrationl


How are unliquidated/ unascertained claims treated

A creditor shall not vote in respect of unliquidated or unascertained claims unless the chair agrees to put upon the debt an estimated minimum value to allow them to vote.

Claim should be estimated as at date of appointment, but administrator should take into account events between date of appointment and date of creditor decision process.


What if administrator questions validity of creditor claim

The administrator can require the creditor to:

1. Provide additional supporting documents to support claim
2. All creditor to vote marking the claim as rejected
3. Reject claim

Creditor has right to appeal against administrator's decision within 21 days of decision date.


Can a creditors meeting be adjourned?

A creditors meeting can be adjourned more than once so long as it is held within 14 days of the original meeting.

Creditors who did not prove in time for the first meeting may prove their claim at an adjourned meeting. Deadline is 4.00 pm the business day before the meeting unless the chair accepts otherwise.


To whom should the creditors decision be reported to

Administrator needs to report the outcome of the creditor's decision making process ASARP to the following:

1. Every creditor of the company
2. Everyone who received notice of the proposal
3. The Court - accompanied by copy of the proposal
4. The Registrar
5. Any creditor who did not receive notice of the meeting and whose claim the administrator has subsequently become aware of.


What happens if proposal is rejected by creditors

The Court may:

1. Order that administrator's appointment will end on set date
2. Make an interim order
3. Adjourn the hearing conditionally/ unconditionally
4. Make an order on a petition for winding up if it had been suspended due to QFCH making appointment of administrator
5. Make any other order as the Court thinks fit.


What needs to be kept in an IP Case Record

Requirements changed in 2015. Now only need to maintain details of material matters that relate to the case.

There are no express guidelines on what an IP should consider to be a material matter


Reporting requirements (summary - more details later)

Administrator is required to report and provide a statement of receipts and payments to the following:

- Creditors
- Court
- Registrar

Within one month of 6 month period following appointment.


What is the summary timeline of key events following appointment of adminisitrator

1. Publicise appointment with Registrar
2. Publicise appointment in Gazette ASARP
3. Give notice of appointment to other parties - ASARP
2. Request SoA from relevant person ASARP
3. Relevant person has 11 days to provide SoA from date of request
4. File SoA with Registrar ASARP after receipt
4. Create proposal - ASARP but within 8 weeks
5. Creditor decision process - given 14 days notice by proposal, but within 10 weeks.
7. Notify Court, Creditors, Registrar ASARP after creditor decision making process takes place
6. Submit return on directors conduct within 3 months
7. Progress report - submit to Court, Creditors, Registrar within one month of 6 month period following appointment


What are the powers of the administrator

1. To do anything necessary or expedient for the management of the affairs, business and property of the company
2. Powers listed in schedule I - i.e to manage and trade the business of the company
3. Remove director of the company and appoint new directors
4. Call meetings of members or creditors
5. Apply to Court for directions
6. Make a distribution to secured or preferential creditors and (with court permission) unsecured creditors
7. Dispose of floating charge assets as though they are not subject to charge.
8. Apply to court for order authorising the disposal of goods under an HP Agreement
9. Bring actions against directors and others
10. Enforce compliance of directors and others
11. Require continued supply from utilities
12. Bind the company to contracts with 3rd parties


What do you need to remember about bonding

Administrator should bond for the value of assets which are available for unsecured creditors - remember that unsecured includes preferential creditors in this regard and that prefs are paid out of floating charge assets.

Total assets
- Payable to fixed charge
- Payable to floating charge
- assets held in trust
+ Payable to prefs from floating charge assets


What are some of the advantages to a bank of appointing an administrator rather than administrative receiver

1. If bank's floating charge was created after 15 September 2003 then administration is the only choice as they can't appoint admin receiver.
2. Quick and easy to appoint
3. Less reputational risk for bank - administration is seen as a rescue rather than pulling the plug
4. Administrations are recognised under EC regulations
5. Benefit of a moratorium
6. Administrator has powers to trade and manage the business
7. No potential liability to indemnify the administrator
8. Bank will retain priority over charged assets solds. Fixed charge assets can only be sold with the banks consent.