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Flashcards in Lifespan Deck (238)
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1

Brofenbrenner's microsystem

Most primary level. Activities, roles, and interactions of an individual in that person's immediate setting

2

Brofenbrenner's mesosystem

Functions as chains in a link; the interrelationships that connect various elements in the microsystem (parent-child conference)

3

Brofenbrenner's exosystem

Institutions that influence the child; social settings or organizations beyond the child's immediate experience that affect the child

4

Brofenbrenner's macrosystem

Includes society as a whole; laws, values, and customs of the society in which one lives

5

Brofenbrenner's chronosystem

Includes the passage of time and events in history; the ways in whch all of these systems interrelate to each other across time

6

Vygotsky's social-cognitive view of development

The suggestion that culture greatly influences learning

7

Leading causes of death for infants

Commonly connected with problems surrounding birth and congenital abnormalities

8

Leading causes of death for adolescents

Accidents, homicides, and suicides

9

Leading causes of death for young adults

HIV infections, accidents, and cancers

10

Leading causes of death for those aged 45-64

Chronic disease

11

Leading causes of death for those 65+

Heart disease, cancers, and CVAs or strokes

12

Damage theories of aging

These theories highlight a number of random processes that cause the deterioration of cells and organ systems

13

Other names for Turner X Syndrome

Bonnevie-Ullrich Syndrome or Monosomy X

14

Klinefelter Syndrome

XXY. Men with syndrome tend to be talker, somewhat lower IQ, smaller testicles and sterile

15

Prader-Willi Syndrome

Deletion or mutation of 15th chromosome. Problems with hypothalamus, regulation of food and hunger. Sx include insatiable hunger, delayed motor skills and cognitive abilities, low muscle tone, short stature, and incomplete sexual development.

16

Achromatopsia

Disease where the person is not able to distinguish any color at all

17

Genotype

Characteristic, may be observable or not (carried on the genes)

18

Phenotype

Observable traits (hair color, height, personality)

19

Fragile X Syndrome

X-linked condition; causes mental retardation, and in milder forms, can cause learning and emotional problems without significant cognitive deficits

20

Infants born before _____ week-gestation period is considered preterm.

37th

21

Full-term infant who is low birth weight is considered:

small for date

22

Robert LeVine

Developed the idea that, universally, parents have three broad goals that are hierarchical; these include the survival goal, economic goal, and self-actualization goal.

23

Germinal phase

First two weeks following conception. Teratogens may prevent zygote from attaching to uterine wall

24

Embryonic period

2-8 weeks following conception. Critical period of development and structural damages are most likely to occur during this time if an embryo is exposed to teratogens

25

Fetal period

2 mths past conception until child is born. Critical period of organ development.

26

Colors infants see best

White, green and red. At four months can see many more colors

27

Infants prefer _______ visual stimuli and at _____ can distinguish mother's face

face-like, 1 mth

27

First sense to develop

Touch

28

Infant perception

Except for vision, most infant senses are well developed at birth.

29

Infants and taste

Can distinguish four basic tastes (sweet, salty, bitter, and sour) and sensitive to umami. Show preference for sweet and umami.