Flashcards in Level 2 - Health and safety Deck (41)
N1. Can you advise upon CDM 2015?
• The Construction (Design and Management) Regulations were updated in 2015, due to them being perceived as a bureaucratic exercise.
• The 2015 Regulations removes the role of the CDM coordinator, and introduces the Principle Designer.
N2. What is the aim of the Construction (Design and management) Regulations?
• The aim of the CDM regulations is to ensure Health & Safety is considered throughout the entire project process, from conception all the way through the maintenance and demolition.
N3. What are the requirements for a project to be notified to the HSE?
• Over 500 person days.
• Over 30 working days and over 20 operatives on site at any one time.
N4. What are the Client responsibilities under CDM?
• Welfare Facilities are provided.
• The Principal Designer and Principle Contract Carry out their duties.
• The all duty holders are appointed, i.e. Principal Designer and Principal Contractor.
• Provide the Principle Designer with the Pre-construction information.
• Ensure that minimum health and safety standards are maintained on site.
• Ensure that the Construction Phase health and safety plan is drawn up by the Principal Designer.
N5. What are the Principal Designers Responsibilities under CDM?
• Plan and Manage health and safety during the pre-construction phase of the project through designing out risks.
• Identify, eliminate or control all foreseeable risks through design.
• Ensure designers carry out their duties.
• Liaise with the Contractor to help them plan, manage, monitor and coordinate health and safety in the construction phase.
• Prepare and provide relevant information to other duty holders.
N6. What are the Principle Contractors Duties under CDM?
• Plan and manage the Construction Phase.
• Prepare a Construction Phase Plan.
• Ensure there are site inductions.
• Reasonable steps are taken to prevent unauthorised access.
• Welfare facilities are provided.
• Ensure that suitable site conditions are provided.
N7. What is the Health and Safety at Work Act 1974?
• The Primary piece of legislations covering occupational health and safety in the UK.
N8. What is the aim of the Health and Safety at Work Act 1974?
• To secure the Health, safety and wellbeing of all people at work.
• To protect people against risks from work activities.
N9. What does the Management of Health and Safety at Work act 1999 do?
• Placed a duty on employers to assess and manage risks to their employees and others, arising from work activities.
N10. How do employers manage the health and safety of their employers, as per the Management of health and Safety at Work Act 1999?
• Through the Risk Assessments and Method Statements.
• Ensuring that employees understand THEIR obligations relating to their health and safety.
N11. What is a Risk Assessment?
• A Risk Assessment is a systematic examination of tasks, examining the likeliness they will occur, and the impact they will have.
N12. What do you consider when writing a Risk Assessment?
1. Identify all risks.
2. Determine who might be harmed by the identified risk.
3. Evaluate the risk and decide on precautions.
4. Record your findings
5. Review your risk assessment and update if necessary.
N13. What is a Method Statement?
• A document detailing how a particular task or activity will be carried out. It should detail the possible risks/dangers, and the methods of control established to show how the work will be managed safely.
N14. What do you need to do before producing a Risk Assessment?
• First you need to carry out a Risk Assessment to identify the risks.
N15. What goes into a Method Statement?
• Working systems to be used.
• Arrangements for access.
• Arrangements for protecting the safety of members of the public.
• Plant and Equipment to be used.
• Procedures to ensure compliance with CDM Regulations etc.
• Procedures to prevent local pollution.
N16. What are the three main types of Asbestos?
• White, real name = Chrysotile.
• Brown, real name = Amosite.
• Blue, real name = Chrocidolite.
N17. When was each banned in the UK?
• White was banned in 1999.
• Brown was banned in 1985.
• Blue was banned in 1985.
N18. What is the main regulation covering asbestos?
• The Control of Asbestos Regulation 2008.
N19. What does this Act impose on employers?
• A duty to manage asbestos on the premises.
• Employers must undertake a Risk Assessment before commencing work around asbestos.
• They must produce a plan of works detailing how the work is due to be carried out.
• Prevent and reduce worked exposure to Asbestos.
N20. What is asbestos?
• A fibrous form of natural material, that doesn’t rot, is insoluble and non-flammable.
N21. What was asbestos used as?
• Ceiling Tiles
• Roof Sheets
• Lagging on boilers and pipework
• Floor Tiles
N22. When must a Licensed Contractor be used to remove asbestos?
• When there is high exposure to asbestos.
• When the Risk Assessment cannot clearly demonstrate control.
• When there are asbestos coated materials, such as when removing asbestos sprayed coatings and works that will disturb asbestos pipe lagging.
N23. When is a licensed contractor required to work with asbestos?
• Where there is continuous exposure to Asbestos.
• When the Risk Assessment cannot clearly demonstrate control.
• When there are asbestos coatings.
• i.e. removal of pipe lagging and asbestos insulation.
N.24 When must the HSE be notified regarding Asbestos?
• All licensed work must be notified to the HSE.
• Non-licensed work such as the removal of asbestos cement products where the product is substantially damaged.
• Removal of asbestos insulation boards.
• Large scale removal of asbestos.
N25. What is survey would you undertake prior to demolishing an existing building?
• A Refurbishment and Demolition Survey.
N26. What does a Refurbishment and Demolition Survey do?
• It should identify all asbestos containing materials within an existing building.
N27. What other surveys do you know that relate to asbestos?
• Asbestos Survey.
N28. What does an Asbestos Survey do?
• It will identify all existing all asbestos within a premises, by providing information about the location, amount, condition and type of Asbestos Containing Material.
N29. How do you dispose of Asbestos Waste?
• It should be placed in suitable packaging to prevent fibres being released.
• It should be sent to a licensed disposal site.