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Flashcards in Lesson 5 Deck (21)
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1

What are the three tactics in using the behavioral strategy to solve a problem?

1) Develop a behavioral Design
2) Check the Reliability
3) Check the Social Validity

2

What is the fourth tactic in using the behavioral strategy to solve a problem?

Use single-subject experiment.

3

What is the most important aspect of an experimental design?

Alternative explanations of the results.

4

What are behavioral experiments used for?

To find out if a treatment works.

5

What are two alternative explanations?

Individual differences and Time Coincidences

6

Behavioral Analyst call changing behavior what?

Treatment

7

Treatment:

The method introduced to modify the rate of a behavior. (Increase or decrease behavior)

8

What is it called when behavioral analyst deliver the treatment?

Treatment conditioning

9

Baseline:

The period of an experiment without the treatment

10

What does "ruling out alternative explanations" mean?

showing that events other than the treatment did not cause an observed difference.

11

The single principle of single-subject experiments is :

To expose the same person to the baseline and treatment. (The individuals in the baseline condition are the same individuals as those in the treatment condition)

12

Comparison Design:

an experimental design comparing the baseline condition with the treatment condition.

13

In comparison design, what is the normal conditions considered?

Baseline treatment

14

What is the backward comparison design?

Your first condition would be treatment and the second would be baseline.

15

How can you tell if whether a single-subject experiment uses comparison design?

You ask if the experiment compares the treatment with only ONE baseline. Yes, then it does use a comparison design.

16

Does comparison design rule out alternative explanations?

No.

17

What two experimental designs rule out alternative explanations based on time coincidences?

Reversal Design and Multiple Baseline Design (STRONG Designs)

18

What is it called when you start a comparison design then add an extra step to "reverse" treatment back to baseline?

Reversal Design

19

Reversal Design:

Experimental Design that looks at behavior during Baseline, Treatment, and Reversal.

20

How can you tell whether an experiment uses reversal design?

If the experiment has a third condition that is the same as the initial condition?

21

Multiple Baseline Design:

An experiment that introduces the treatment at different times for two or more behaviors. (2 comparison designs except you start treatment at different times for each of the comparison)