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Flashcards in Lesson 4A (Part 4) Deck (20)
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1

What do alpha blockers do?

They relax the muscles around the urethra in men with symptoms from an enlarged prostate
- allows urine then flows more freely

2

What do 5-alpha-reductase inhibitors do?

They reduce the level of a certain form of testosterone (DHT), which allows the prostate to shrink when less DHT is present
- this improves the urine flow

3

What type of pill is an alpha blocker?

Water pill

4

TURP

Transurethral resection of the prostate

5

Transurethral resection of the prostate

Is a special kind of telescope (resectoscope) that is inserted through the urethra into the prostate

6

What is the resectoscope used for?

To remove the blocking portions of the prostate

7

What is the most common type of surgical procedure for benign prostatic hyperplasia?

TURP

8

What is the most common form of cancer among men?

A malignant growth in the outer zone of the prostate gland
- prostate cancer

9

What is the first indication of prostatic tumours?

Bone metastases

10

Who are the people that are more at risk for prostate cancer? (12)

1. African American men
2. Men who are older than 60
3. Men who have a father or brother with prostate cancer
4. Men who have been around Agent Orange
5. Alcoholics
6. Farmers
7. Men who eat a diet high in fat
8. Obese men
9. Tire plant workers
10. Painters
11. Men who have been around cadmium
12. Lesson common in vegetarians

11

What is the most common cause of death from cancer in men over age 75?

Prostate cancer

12

What does prostate cancer look like on US? (6)

1. Hypoechoic lesion in the peripheral zone
2. Isoechoic
3. Usually near the capsule 4. More common in the apex
5. Increased colour
6. Capsule bulging

13

What are types of prostate cancer treatments? (8)

1. Prostatectomy
2. Radiation therapy
3. Radioactive seed implants
4. Cryotherapy
5. Hormone therapy
6. Chemotherapy
7. Watchful waiting
8. Clinical trials

14

Prostatectomy

Removes the prostate
- with the goal of removing all the cancer

15

Radiation therapy

Radiation kills prostate cancer cells while minimizing damage to healthy cells

16

Radioactive seed implants

Radioactive seeds can be implanted into the prostate to kill cancer cells

17

Cryotherapy

Involves killing prostate cancer cells by freezing them

18

Hormone therapy

Prostate cancer cells grow in response to hormones and hormone therapy helps block that effect.

19

Watchful waiting

Prostate cancer can be slow growing to some wait to see what it turns into

20

Clinical trials

Researchers test the effects of new medications on a group of volunteers with prostate cancer