Flashcards in Lesson 4A (Part 3) Deck (29)
Inflammation of the prostate, sometimes caused by infection
What is an enlarged prostate called?
Who does prostate growth affect?
Virtually all men over 50
What symptom occurs with increasing age?
What is prostatitis treated with?
What is BPH treated with? (2)
Benign prostatic hyperplasia
What is the most common form of cancer in men?
How can prostate cancer be treated? (4)
3. Hormone therapy
What is acute prostatitis usually caused by?
Non-specific infection, spread from the urethra or bladder
- often following catheterisation, cystoscopy, urethral dilation or prostate surgery
What is the most common prostate problem for men younger than age 50?
What may follow acute prostatitis?
When might fibrosis of the gland occur?
- causing urethral stricture or obstruction
When does a chronic infection occur?
When it goes untreated
What are the symptoms of prostatitis? (5)
1. Low back pain
2. Low grade fever
4. Urinary urgency
5. Enlarged prostate on digital exam
- very painful
What is prostatitis caused by? (2)
What does prostatitis look like on US? (6)
2. Hypoechoic due to inflammation
3. Edematous gland
4. Slightly enlarged
5. Focal or diffuse hypoechoic areas
6. Increased colour
What is the number one feature of prostatitis?
Where are the focal hypoechoic regions located in prostatitis?
In the peripheral zone
What does discrete fulid collectinon in the prostate gland suggest?
What does colour doppler US demonstrate on an abscess?
Increase flow in the periphery
What is the treatment for acute or chronic prostatitis? (3)
- depends on the type
What is benign prostatic enlargment?
Hyperplastic nodules form around the urethra and may obstruct the flow of urine, causing urinary retention
Where does BPH occur?
In the transition zone
What can prevent the bladder emptying completely during micturition?
What causes pyelonephritis?
Inflammation of the substance of the kidney as a result of bacterial infection
What is the most common prostate problem for men older than age 50?