Flashcards in Lesson 4 (Part 1) Deck (26)
If frequency increases, what happens to the wavelength? How does this effect the image?
1. Wavelength decreases
2. Leads to a better quality in photos
If frequency decreases, what happens to the wavelength? How does this effect the image?
1. Wavelength increases
2. Leads to a poorer quality in photos
What do different transducers have?
What is the frequency that you choose called?
What are 2 other names for fundamental frequency?
1. Operating frequency
2. Transmit frequency
Why do we have listening time?
The ultrasound needs to receive all of the echoes back
What happens to pulse duration if frequency increases?
What happens to spatial pulse length if frequency decreases?
When do you use higher frequencies?
When you are scanning superficially
- less penetration
What do high frequencies produce?
Better quality image
When do you use lower frequencies?
When you are scanning deeper in the body
- better penetration
What do low frequencies produce?
Worse quality images
What is one way to achieve high frequency waves in order to get better quality images?
The use of harmonics
What is a basic sound wave an example of?
Continuous smooth periodic oscillations
Does sound change shape when it travels through tissues?
- sinusoidal to non-sinusoidal
Non linear propagation
Changing the wave shape
Do more dense areas move faster or slower?
Do less dense areas move faster or slower?
What do nonsinusoidal waves contain?
- even and odd multiples of fundamental frequencies
What does it mean when you have less sinusoidal shape?
Send out one frequency, get back several higher frequencies
A few cycles of ultrasound
What are pulses separated by in pulse waves?
Separated in time by gaps of no ultrasound
A pulse that is followed by a gap
- listening time and downtime