Lesson 2B (Part 2) Flashcards Preview

High Resolution > Lesson 2B (Part 2) > Flashcards

Flashcards in Lesson 2B (Part 2) Deck (22)
Loading flashcards...
1

What can tumours grow into?

1. Block
2. Lymph vessel
3. Node

2

What do tumours block?

The flow of lymph

3

What are examples of minor lymphadenitis? (4)

1. Measles
2. Typhoid
3. Ct-scratch fever
4. Wound or skin infections

4

When does lymphadenitis occur? (4)

1. Following unresolved acute infections
2. In tuberculosis
3. Syphilis
4. Some low-grade infections

5

Lymphomas

Malignant tumours of lymphoid tissue

6

What are the classifications of lymphoma? (2)

1. Hodgkin's lymphomas
2. Non-Hodgkin's lymphomas

7

Hodgkin's disease

Progressive, painless enlargement of lymph nodes throughout the body

8

What are the first type of lymph nodes that are often first to be noticed as hodgkins?

Superficial lymph nodes in the neck

9

What kind of tumours are hodgkins?

Malignant

10

What is the cause of hodgkins?

Unknown

11

What does hodgkins do?

It reduces immunity, because lymphocyte function is depressed, and recurrent infection is therefore common

12

What are 2 examples of non-hodgkins lymphomas?

1. Multiple myeloma
2. Burkitt's lymphoma

13

How are non-hodgkins classified?

According to the type of cell involved and the degree of malignancy

14

Where do malignant tumours develop?

In lymph nodes in any part of the body

15

What happens if a lymph node cannot filter out the cancer in the lymph?

They can multiply and form metastatic tumours

16

What is the most common anomaly of the hear and neck?

Thyroglossal (Duct) Cyst

17

Thyroglossal (Duct) Cyst

Is a cyst that is located beneath the skin of the anterior midline of the neck, usually just below the hyoid bone

18

What is the second most common cause of thyroglossal (duct) cyst?

A neck mass in children

19

What is the most common cause of thyroglossal (duct) cyst?

Lymphadenopathy

20

What is the sonographic appearance of thyroglossal (duct) cyst?

Low-level intraluminal reflectors
- due to bleeding or infection

21

Brachial cleft cyst

Abnormal persistence of remnants of the branchial apparatus results in cysts, sinuses and fistulas

22

What is the sonographic appearance of brachial cleft cyst?

Cystic neck mass, along the medial border of sternocleidomastoid muscle
- usually in the upper neck.