Lesson 2.5: Infection Control Flashcards Preview

NDAP NAVDEN 101 Unit 2: Basic Dental Science > Lesson 2.5: Infection Control > Flashcards

Flashcards in Lesson 2.5: Infection Control Deck (79)
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1

A technique to prevent disease-producing microorganisms from spreading

Aseptic Technique

2

The use of rubber, plastic, foil. or other fluid-resistant materials to cover surfaces and protect from contamination

Barrier Technique

3

Present in human blood and are disease-causing microorganisms
Examples: Bacteria, Viruses, Protozoa, and Fungi

Bloodborne Pathogen

4

The presence or expected presence of potentially infectious material

Contaminated

5

OPIM stands for

Other Potentially Infectious Material

6

PPE stands for

Personal Protective Equipment

7

OSHA stands for

Occupational Safety and Health Administration

8

The department that sets forth the specific requirements that are believed to prevent the transmission of bloodborne infectious material or OPIM to employees

OSHA

9

Singe-celled tiny organisms only seen with a microscope

Microorganisms

10

Microorganisms consist of how many major organism groups

Five

11

An organism that transmits a pathogen

Vector

12

Capable of producing disease in a host

Infectious Microorganism

13

Liquid or semi-liquid blood or OPIM

Infectious Waste

14

Contaminated sharps, saliva, extracted teeth, and blood-soaked gauze are examples of this

Infectious Waste

15

Infection acquired in a healthcare facility, such as Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus Aureus (MRSA) or mycobacterium tuberculosis

Nosocomial Infection

16

The three types of classifications in Spaulding's Classification

1. Critical
2. Semi-critical
3. Noncritical

17

Examples of Critical Items in Spaulding's Classifications

Surgical instruments, periodontal knives, suture, and needles that penetrate skin, mucous membranes, and bone.

18

TRUE OR FALSE:
Critical Items in Spaulding's Classifications MUST be sterilized

True

19

Examples of Semi-critical Items in Spaulding's Classifications

Radiographic positioning devices and plastic impression trays, which contact mucous membranes

20

TRUE OR FALSE:
Semi-critical Items in Spaulding's Classifications REQUIRE high-level disinfection AND MUST be sterilized

False
High-level disinfection is required but CAN be sterilized

21

Examples of Noncritical Items in Spaulding's Classifications

Dental unit, chair, and working surfaces, that have no penetration or contact with mucous membranes, but are exposed to splatter, sprays, splashing, blood and contaminated hands.

22

TRUE OR FALSE:
Noncritical Items in Spaulding's Classifications REQUIRE high-level disinfection

False:
Intermediate-level disinfection is required

23

Any surgical entry into tissues, cavities, and organs. Causes manipulation, cutting, or removal of any oral or perioral tissue

Invasive Procedures

24

Exposure from blood or OPIM

Exposure Incident

25

Despite PPE, exposure of skin, eye, mucous membrane, or parenteral exposure to blood or OPIM resulting from performing duties

Occupational Exposure

26

Inflammation of the liver

Hepatitis

27

Symptoms of Hepatitis

1. Loss of appetite
2. Nausea
3. Vomiting
4. Jaundice
5. Fever

28

The three major types of Hepatitis

1. Hepatitis A (HAV)
2. Hepatitis B (HBV)
3. Hepatitis C (HCV)

29

Type of Hepatitis with the highest rate of transmission

Hepatitis B

30

Type of Hepatitis most commonly acquired through contaminated food and water

Hepatitis A