Lesson 2.4: Oral Conditions and Injuries Flashcards Preview

NDAP NAVDEN 101 Unit 2: Basic Dental Science > Lesson 2.4: Oral Conditions and Injuries > Flashcards

Flashcards in Lesson 2.4: Oral Conditions and Injuries Deck (76)
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1

What is oral pathology

The study of diseases that affect the mouth

2

Inflammation of the gingiva

Gingivitis

3

Signs and symptoms of plaque-induced gingivitis

1. Swelling (edema)
2. Redness
3. Increased heat
4. Loss of stippled appearance
5. Bleeding
6. Occasional pain

4

Causes of plaque-induced gingivitis

Plaque and calculus formation due to:
1. Improper brushing
2. Flossing
3. Mouth breathing

5

Characteristics of plaque-induced gingivitis

1. Gingiva appears shiny due to the added fluid
2. Bright red from increased blood flow due to the swelling of the gingival margin

6

Treatment of plaque-induced gingivitis

Completely remove the supragingival and subgingival irritants through oral prophylaxis (teeth cleaning) and oral hygiene instructions

7

Types of Hormonal-influenced Gingival Disease

1. Puberty-associated gingivitis
2. Pregnancy-associated gingivitis
3. Menstrual cycle gingivitis

8

Characteristics of Hormonal-influenced Gingival Disease

Gingiva having an exaggerated response to plaque, reflected by:
1. Intense inflammation
2. Redness
3. Edema
4. Enlargement of the gingiva with no bone loss at the time

9

This is also known as "Trenchmouth" or "Vincent's Disease"

Necrotizing Ulcerative Gingivitis (NUG)

10

A bacterial infection where the tissue of the interdental papilla is dead or dying

Necrotizing Ulcerative Gingivitis (NUG)

11

This name came into effect in WWI when soldiers who were down fox holes and trenches didn't have access to basic oral hygiene aids to take care of their teeth, causing disease.

Trenchmouth

12

Causes of Necrotizing Ulcerative Gingivitis

1. Prolonged poor oral hygiene
2. Poor nutrition
3. Fatigue
4. Emotional Stress

13

Characteristics of Necrotizing Ulcerative Gingivitis

1. Malaise
2. Severe bad breath
3. Gray or yellow-gray ulcers
4. Difficult brushing or chewing
5. Highly inflamed gingiva that bleeds easily
6. Fever

14

An indefinite feeling of debility or lack of health often indicated of or accompanying the onset of an illness

Malaise

15

Treatment of Necrotizing Ulcerative Gingivitis

1. Reassure the patient
2. Doctor may also prescribe antibiotics within 24 to 48 hours
3. Gentle debridement (removing the worst of the plaque and calculus) once acute inflammation has subsided
4. A mouth rinse, such as Chlorhexidine
5. Proper rest, diet, and exercise
6. Elimination of smoking, carbonated drinks, and alcoholic beverages advised
7. Home care instructions are given and the patient re-appointed a follow-up

16

Cause of Drug-influenced Gingival Enlargement

Result from systemic drug use (a systemic drug affects a specific system of the body)

17

Mouth-breathing and heredity can aggravate this condition

Drug-influenced Gingival Enlargement

18

Characteristics of Drug-influenced Gingival Enlargement

Gingiva that looks fibrous, but there is no redness or pain present

19

Treatment of Drug-influenced Gingival Enlargement

Surgical excision of the extra tissues

20

Who is able to surgically excise extra tissue caused by Drug-influenced Gingival Enlargement

A dentist

21

Inflammation of the gingiva that involves the crest of the alveolar bone and the periodontal ligament above the alveolar crest

Periodontitis

22

Cause of Periodontitis

Untreated marginal gingivitis

23

Inflammation of the gingiva around a partially erupted tooth; pathogens and plaque get underneath the flap causing an infection

Pericoronitis

24

Pericoronitis usually affects which tooth

Mandibular third molars

25

Also known as dry socket

Post-extraction Alveolar Osteitis

26

Occurs when a blood clot fails to form or washes out of the socket from a recently extracted tooth

Post-extraction Alveolar Osteitis

27

Treatment of Post-extraction Alveolar Osteitis

1. Gently rinse the socket with warm saline solution
2. Moisten a small strip of iodoform gauze with eugenol and loosely pack socket

28

A condition associated with the overgrowth of bone

Tori

29

TRUE OR FALSE:
Herpes Simplex Virus is highly contagious

True

30

Causes of outbreaks in Herpes Simplex Virus

1. Stress
2. Fever
3. Illness
4. Injury
5. Exposure to sunlight