Flashcards in Lesson 11 Deck (45)
What is leadership?
the act of influencing others to work towards a goal
What are informal leaders?
they are people without a formal position of authority but demonstrate leadership by influencing others through personal forms of power
What are the big 5 personality traits?
What is general mental ability?
- IQ, a person emerging as a leader within a group
- high mental abilities
What is emotional intelligence (EQ)?
- effective leaders have this
- demonstrate high level of self-awareness, motivation, empathy, social skills
What is the difference between effective and ineffective leaders?
their ability to control their own emotions and understand others emotions, their internal motivation and their social skills
Out of the 5 big personality traits, which one has the strongest relationship with both leader emergence and effectivness?
Define self esteem?
degree to which a person is at peace with oneself, overall positive assessment of ones self worth and capabilities
People with high self esteem have greater levels of....
What do people have that are effective leaders?
moral compass and demonstrate honesty and integrity
What are 2 broad categories of behaviours when dealing with leadership?
- task oriented behaviours- initiating structure
- people oriented behaviours- consideration
What does task oriented leader behaviours involve?
structuring the roles of subordinates, provide instructions, and behaving in ways that will increase the performance of the group.
What are task-oriented behaviors?
are directives given to employees to get things done and to ensure that organizational goals are met.
What does people oriented leader behaviours include? (3)
-showing concern for employee feelings and treating employees with respect
- genuinely care about well-being of employees
- demonstrate their concern in their actions and decisions.
What is a problem with high levels of task oriented behaviours?
may cause burnout
In small companies, how are task oriented behaviours found to be?
more effective than in bigger companies
What does authoritarian decision making mean?
leaders make decisions alone without involving employees
What does democratic decision making mean?
employees participate in the making of the decision
What does laissez-faire decision making mean?
leave employees alone to make the decision, minimal guidance and involvement
When do employees tend to be more satisfied?
when more democratic or participative styles are used
What are the disadvantages of the laissez-faire decision making?
- creates high levels of ambiguity and more conflict
What is the Fiedler's Contingency Model?
- earliest and most influential theory
- leaders style is measured by a scale, called Least Preferred Coworker Scale (LPC)
What does having a high LPC score mean?
you hate working with someone, but you still like them
- people oriented personality- separate liking from ability to work with
What does having a low LPC score mean?
you hate working with someone and you do not like them on a personal level
- task oriented person
What is the situational leadership approach?
argues that leaders must use different leadership styles depending on their followers developmental level
Give an example of how the leadership approach works
when employees start working, they are highly committed but low on competence, so leaders need to be directive and less supportive
when employees have been around they become more competent, and leaders should engage in more coaching behaviours
What is Path-Goal Leadership?
based on the expectancy theory of motivation
What is the expectancy theory of motivation?
we are motivated when we believe/ expect—that...
(a) their effort will lead to high performance
(b) their high performance will be rewarded
(c) the rewards they will receive are valuable to them.
What is the leaders main job in the path-goal theory?
make sure all three of the conditions of expectancy theory exist
(effort=performance, which will then be rewarded, and they are valuable)