Lesson 1 - The Roman Republic and the Punic Wars Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Lesson 1 - The Roman Republic and the Punic Wars Deck (29)
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1

consul

a chief civil officer in the roman republic

2

Centuriate Assembly

responsible for the election of roman consuls

3

patricians

known as wealthy landowners: high class; could serve as members of the senate

4

Plebeians or Plebs

middle or lower classes

5

Hannibal

Carthaginian military commander; roamed the Italian peninsula conquering roman controlled cities.

6

when were the first Greek colonies established

In the 8th century the Greeks established colonies in Sicily and on the Italian peninsula

7

Who were the Etruscans

The Etruscans ruled much of Italy, including Rome. At that time, Rome was just a village inhabited by the Latins. Was Also one of the groups the greeks encountered

8

What where some of the things the Etruscans introduced to the Romans

Greek mythology, architecture, art, literature, writing, and government.

9

When was the Etruscans overthrown

In 509 bc the Etruscans were overthrown by the Latins . After that the Latin formed a republic was formed based in Rome

10

What was the senate

it is the most powerful assembly in the Roman republic

11

What are all of the assemblies

the senate, the tribal, the curite, and the centuriate Assembly

12

how are government officials elected

government official are elected by the assemblies

13

When were the plebs granted more power

In 471 BC, the Plebeian Council was created in which only plebeians could be members. Eventually, the council was permitted the right to pass legislation that all Roman citizens had to obey, including the patricians.

14

what happened to further protect plebs from injustice.

The law of twelve tables was established in 471 bc as the official code of law in the Roman republic

15

What was the three main bodies of the law code

The Law of Citizens, The Law of Nations, and The Law of Nature.

16

The peninsula of ____ extends into the Mediterranean Sea and is bounded on the east and west by the Adriatic and the Ligurian.

Italy

17

The two large islands off the coast of Italy are _____ and ____.

Corsica Sardinia

18

The _____ Mountains run north to south on the Italian peninsula.

Apennine

19

The city of ____ was built on seven hills by the Latins.

Rome

20

The ____ influenced the Romans by introducing them to Greek culture.

Etruscans

21

The two classes of society in the Roman Republic were:

Patricians, Plebeians

22

The ____ were the wealthy and aristocrats.

Patricians

23

The ____ Assembly elected the consuls.

Curiate

24

he _____ was adopted as the official code of law of the republic.

Law of the Twelve Tables

25

The law code of the Roman Republic was divided as its borders grew into three main bodies:

Law of Nations, Law of Citizens, Law of Nature

26

Why did Carthage attack Rome, leading to the First Punic War?

They were afraid Rome would capture Carthage's ports in Sicily.

27

A general named ____ led the Carthaginian campaigns during the Secord Punic War, winning several battles in Italy.

Hannibal

28

Hannibal was defeated at the Battle of ____ by troops under Scipio.

Zama

29

Fearing the might of Rome, ____ chose not to fight the Roman Empire.

Egypt