Flashcards in Lesson 1 - The Roman Republic and the Punic Wars Deck (29)
a chief civil officer in the roman republic
responsible for the election of roman consuls
known as wealthy landowners: high class; could serve as members of the senate
Plebeians or Plebs
middle or lower classes
Carthaginian military commander; roamed the Italian peninsula conquering roman controlled cities.
when were the first Greek colonies established
In the 8th century the Greeks established colonies in Sicily and on the Italian peninsula
Who were the Etruscans
The Etruscans ruled much of Italy, including Rome. At that time, Rome was just a village inhabited by the Latins. Was Also one of the groups the greeks encountered
What where some of the things the Etruscans introduced to the Romans
Greek mythology, architecture, art, literature, writing, and government.
When was the Etruscans overthrown
In 509 bc the Etruscans were overthrown by the Latins . After that the Latin formed a republic was formed based in Rome
What was the senate
it is the most powerful assembly in the Roman republic
What are all of the assemblies
the senate, the tribal, the curite, and the centuriate Assembly
how are government officials elected
government official are elected by the assemblies
When were the plebs granted more power
In 471 BC, the Plebeian Council was created in which only plebeians could be members. Eventually, the council was permitted the right to pass legislation that all Roman citizens had to obey, including the patricians.
what happened to further protect plebs from injustice.
The law of twelve tables was established in 471 bc as the official code of law in the Roman republic
What was the three main bodies of the law code
The Law of Citizens, The Law of Nations, and The Law of Nature.
The peninsula of ____ extends into the Mediterranean Sea and is bounded on the east and west by the Adriatic and the Ligurian.
The two large islands off the coast of Italy are _____ and ____.
The _____ Mountains run north to south on the Italian peninsula.
The city of ____ was built on seven hills by the Latins.
The ____ influenced the Romans by introducing them to Greek culture.
The two classes of society in the Roman Republic were:
The ____ were the wealthy and aristocrats.
The ____ Assembly elected the consuls.
he _____ was adopted as the official code of law of the republic.
Law of the Twelve Tables
The law code of the Roman Republic was divided as its borders grew into three main bodies:
Law of Nations, Law of Citizens, Law of Nature
Why did Carthage attack Rome, leading to the First Punic War?
They were afraid Rome would capture Carthage's ports in Sicily.
A general named ____ led the Carthaginian campaigns during the Secord Punic War, winning several battles in Italy.
Hannibal was defeated at the Battle of ____ by troops under Scipio.