Flashcards in Lesson 1 Deck (20)
individual living organism's activity, public, or private, which may be influenced by external or internal stimulation
The first goal of Behavior Analysis
Accurately predict behavior.
What is the utility in predicting the behavior of individuals?
It allows adaptive behavior.
The second goal of behavior analysis
To discover causal variables that may be used to positively influence behavior
What are two assumptions that guide behavior analysis?
Behavior is determined E.g. Has a cause or multiple causes.
What word is used to explain behavior?
What are examples of mentalistic explanation of behavior?
"I decided", I felt, and I was
True or False?
Do behavior analysts reject mentalistic explanations of behavior?
What is the second assumption we have that guide behavior.
The scientific method is a valid way to reveal the determinants of behavior.
How does behavioral analysis determine objectiveness? Objective Method
A unbiased, scientific approach to discover how behavior works. (Blind Studies)
When a behavioral analysis conduct an intervention designed to influence behavior in an exact way.
Evidence must be observable
Falsifiable Prediction Method
Predictions are usually derived from theories.
Contribute nothing to our goals of prediction and influence.
The real sciences are referred to as what?
What is the most powerful scientific method ?
Experiment (Extensively used in behavioral analysis)
A publicly observable change anticipated to influence behavior in a specific way.
The most important way to evaluate if scientific discoveries are true?
Determinants of behavior can be organized into two categories:
Nature and Nurture (Epigenetics)