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Flashcards in LEDC Earthquake Deck (13)
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1

What was the date of the event? (Haiti tectonics)

12th January 2010

2

Where did the event occur? (Haiti tectonics)

Port-au-Prince, Haiti

3

What is the average time spent in school? (Haiti tectonics)

4.9 years

4

What type of fault line does Haiti sit on? (Haiti tectonics)

Strike-slip fault

5

At what rate have the plates been recorded to be moving? (Haiti tectonics)

7mm per year

6

What year did the plates begin to get stuck, leading to a pressure rise? (Haiti tectonics)

2008

7

What magnitude was the earthquake? (Haiti tectonics)

7

8

What date was the aftershock and what magnitude? (Haiti tectonics)

20th January 2010
6.1

9

What type of focus was it and how deep? (Haiti tectonics)

Shallow focus, around 13km deep

10

What were some of the short term impacts of the earthquake? (Haiti tectonics)

- 50% of buildings collapsed
- parliament and government buildings destroyed
- lateral spreading resulted in the land moving away
- liquefaction of looser sediment
- localised tsunami killed 7
- 1.5 million homeless
- 250,000 dead

11

What were some of the long term impacts of the earthquake? (Haiti tectonics)

- destruction of ministries, meant the police and government were cripple
- local food prices were too expensive
- increase in crime
- cholera killed 1,500 one year on
- increased gang rape

12

What were some of the short term management and response schemes? (Haiti tectonics)

- locals employed by UNDP to help pull survivors from the rubble
- US military took over all infrastructure and airport (only letting in aid)
- 16,000 UN troops restored law/police force
-UN world food programme gave farmers immediate support to begin to sustain themselves

13

What were some of the long term management and response schemes? (Haiti tectonics)

- Haiti fund manages $11.5 billion reconstruction package with controls to prevent corruption
- follow up cases for mental illness
- schools, hospitals and government buildings were made life safe