Lecture notes 3- MORS 113 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Lecture notes 3- MORS 113 Deck (73)
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The type of casket and local custom will determine how these are positioned.

Arms and Hands


Should be kept as close to the sides of the body as possible.



The hands can be _______.

  • Mutilation is the exception



Gloves may be necessary. 

Extreme mutilation of the hands


Always wrap the hands and fingers with this at the conclusion of the embalming process to prevent hand and finger spreading. You can also use a rubber band around the thumb and index finger, but this is not advisible when shipping to other funeral homes.



Placing the hands in this position is also an option. The hands are cupped and placed on the stomach.

Lesiurely Position


The distance from the hand to the throw should be _____ to that from the head to the casket flange.



Be sure these are straight and close together; if necessary, tie them together at the knees immediately after embalming. You could also use a head block to achieve this.

Positioning the Legs


The head may be tilted no more than ___ degrees to the right.



Should not be too high in the air or too low on the chest, with the shoulders even with the casket's top body flange (Rim of casket).



Check these for leakage after embalming and check the earlobes and nostrils for straightness and roundness.

The Carotid Incisions


The chin should be slightly elevated on obese persons to:

Make the neck appear thinner


Body should be centered utilizing the head panel- the roll (cove or puffing) acting as a picture frame.

Perfection Half Couch Casket


At no time should a _____ be placed under the deceased's shoulders because the shoulders become too accentuated especially with the obese.

  • Place prosthesis- positioning device- under the shoulder.
  • You can use empty embalming bottles for this purpose, but this raises problems with disinternment.



Should be positioned above the shoulders with the head perfectly centered. The bottom of this should cover the top of the shoulders.

The Pillow


Prepare face and hands with massage cream ______ injection to prevent dehydration.

  • Also acts as a base for massage.

Prior to


Pack all _____ _____ as necessary, then use protective garments.

  • I.e., the nostrils: fly larve can live on embalmed tissue so it may be best to pack them with cotton.

External Orifices


Bathe the entire body after embalming. Use tepid water (never hot_ and a quality liquid _____ _____.

Antiseptic Soap


Be sure that fingernails are properly ________.



For this purpose, always use a recent photo of the deceased.

  • Driver's license
  • State ID
  • Facebook

Hair properly cut and styled


Prepare to dress and casket the deceased.

Final step in positioning the body


  • Gravity Method
  • The bulb syringe method
  • Manual injection, hand pump and jug method
  • The air pressure machines
    • Mechanical machine (Eckel's)
    • Hydraulic machine (Moore)
    • Compressed air canister (CO2 canister, metallic cylinder)
  • Motorized centrifugal forced pump machine
  • Non corrosive polyethylene sprayer tank

Methods of Injection and Creating Fluid Pressure


  • Dates back to 1500AD - early anatomists
  • Consists of a glass bottle (gravity bottle or percolator), having a 2-4qt capacity, attached to a mobile stand wiht a height adjustor. Attached to the percolator is a standard valentine tube of soft rubber, one end having a cannula by a link made of pure latex, and the other having a funnel which connects it to the percolator.

Gravity Method


Using the gravity method, for each ____ foot of elevation of the percolator, the pressure of injection increases by .434 pounds.

  • 1/2 lb of pressure per foot from the height of the column of liquid to the point of injection.
  • 1lb of pressure for each 28 inches of height from the column of liquid to the point of injection.



  • It creates a constant flow of arterial fluid solution.
  • The low cost of equipment
  • Requires no mechanical apparatus
  • Requires no electricity

Advantages of the Gravity Method


  • Affords limited pressure range due to the limited height you can achieve from the mobile stand.
  • There is a small unit of volume, usually no more than one gallon.
  • It is inconvenient to fill the percolator.

Disadvantages of the Gravity Method


  • The simplest possible form of injection apparatus
  • Consists of a bulb type syringe made of rubber and attached to or interinjected into a valentine tube.
  • Vavles are provided in the syringe to prevent regurgitation of the arterial fluid solution when the bulb is squeezed.
  • Was an evolutionary improvement over gravitation.
  • It is often used in combination with the gravitation method.

Bulb Syringe Method


  • Convenient and easy to use.
  • Inexpensive to purchase and operate (no electricity).
  • Will develop some variation in the pressure range.
  • Requires no electricity

Advantages of the Bulb Syringe Method


  • Rubber deterioates rapidly and valves fail.
  • Requires the constant use of one hand whic hinders the embalmer's activity.
  • Creates a variable pressure with an unknown maximum.

Disadvantages of the Bulb Syringe Method


  • Popular prior to 1930
  • Consists of a hand operated double action pneumatic pump, rubber or plastic tubing, a gooseneck having two holes inserted into either a one gallon glass jug or a heavy duty glass jar.
  • For safety, always keep the jug or jar in a container because of the danger of explosion during injection and implosion during aspiration.

Manual Injection, hand pump and jug method

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