Lecture 9: Nasal Cavity and Pterygopalatine Fossa Flashcards Preview

Year 1: 05. Neuro Exam 1 > Lecture 9: Nasal Cavity and Pterygopalatine Fossa > Flashcards

Flashcards in Lecture 9: Nasal Cavity and Pterygopalatine Fossa Deck (20)
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1

What structures compose the bony part of external nose?

  • Nasal Bones
  • Frontal Part of Maxilla
  • Nasal Part of frontal bone and nasal spine
  • Bony part of nasal septum

2

What structures compose the Cartilaginous part of the nose?

  • 2 lateral cartilages
  • 2 alar cartilages (major and minor)
  • Septal Cartilage (nasal septum)

3

What structures make up nasal septum?

  • Perpendicular plate of ethmoid bone
  • Vomer
  • Septal Cartilage
  • Nasal Crests of Maxillary and Palantine Bones

4

Which conchae are part of the ethmoid bone and which one is independent?

Ethmoid Bone: Superior and middle nasal conchae

Independent: Inferior nasal concha 

5

What is the nasal mucosa connected to?

  • Periostium of the bony parts of the nasal cavity
  • Perichondrium of cartilagenous nasal components

6

What is the area called that is lined with mucosa?

  • Inferior ⅔ of nose: Respiratory Area
  • Superior ⅓ of nose: Olfactory Area

7

What are the boundaries of the nasal cavity?

  • Roof: Frontal, Ethmoid, and Sphenoid Bone
  • Floor: Palantine Process of Maxilla and Horizontal plate of palantine bone
  • Medial Wall: Nasal Septum
  • Lateral Wall: Superior, Middle, and Inferior Nasal Conchae

8

What are the four nasal cavity passages?

  • Spheno-ethmoidal Recess
  • Superior Nasal Meatus
  • Middle Nasal Meatus
  • Inferior Nasal Meatus

9

What does the Spheno-ethmoidal Recess open into?

Sphenoid Sinus

10

What does the Superior Nasal Meatus open into?

Ethmoidal Sinuses

11

What does the Middle Nasal Meatus open into?

Frontal and Maxillay Sinus

12

What does Inferior Nasal Meatus the open into?

Nasolacrimal Duct 

13

What arteries supply the nasal cavity?

  • Maxillary Artery
    • Sphenopalatine Artery
    • Greater Palantine Artery
  • Facial Artery
    • Superior Labial Artery
    • Lateral Nasal Branches
  • Ophthalmic Arteries
    • Anterior and Posterior Ethmoidal Arteries

14

What is Kiesselbach's Area?

Capillary bed anastamosis between Maxillary A. and Facial A. branches in the nasal septum

Can cause epistaxis (nosebleeds) 

15

What veins drain the nasal cavity?

  • Sphenopalatine Vein
  • Facial Vein
  • Ophthalmic Vein

16

Maxillary Sinus

What does it drain?

What is the arterial supply?

What is the innervation?

 

  • Drains: Maxillary ostium into middle meatus
  • Blood Supply: Superior Alveolar Branches (Maxillary A.) and Greater Palatine Artery
  • Innervation: Superior Alveolar Nerve

17

Ethmoid Sinus

What does it drain?

What is the arterial supply?

What is the innervation?

 

  • Drains: Ethmoid air cells located between orbits 
  • Blood Supply: Ethmoidal Artery from Ophthalmic Artery
    • From ECA
  • Innervation: Nasociliary Nerves (CN V1)

18

Sphenoid Sinus

What does it drain?

What is the arterial supply?

What is the innervation?

 

  • Drains: Spheno-ethmoidal recess
  • Blood Supply: Posterior Ethmoidal Artery
  • Innervation: Posterior Ethmoidal Nerve

19

Frontal Sinus

What does it drain?

What is the arterial supply?

What is the innervation?

 

  • Drains: Frontonasal Duct into middle meatus
  • Blood Supply: Supraorbital Artery and Anterior Ethmoidal Artery
  • Innervation: Supraorbital Nerve (CN V1)

20

What nervous fibers arise from the superior cervical ganglion?

Postsynaptic sympathetics