Flashcards in Lecture 38 – Continuing Professional Development Deck (16)
Why maintain competence?
• A professional responsibility and the hallmark of
• It is a pharmacist’s professional responsibility to
- Continuously improve professional knowledge and
- Take responsibility for maintaining a high standard
of professional competence
- Evaluate individual practice
- Assume responsibility for improvement
- Keep informed about new pharmaceutical
What are the 2 ways to maintain competence?
1. Traditional continuing education
2. Continuing professional development (CPD)
What is Continuing Education (CE)?
• Traditional approach focussed on acquisition of
• Accredited programs
- Distance learning (print or online)
- Conferences, professional meetings
What is Continuing Professional Development (CPD)?
• CPD is a self-directed, ongoing, systematic, and
outcomes-focused approach to an individual's lifelong
learning that is applied into practice.
What is the CPD Model (Cycle)?
see slide 11
reflect, plan, learn, evaluate
At each step, documentation occurs, review goals are met
Applying what they have learnt and loop back to evaluate and make changes
What is the Experiential Learning Theory cycle?
process can begin in any stage
Begins with experience:
Experience (concrete) -> Reflection
Action concepts (abstract)
What are the Experiential Learning Theory dimensions?
• Experience – Knowledge
(experience and concepts)
• Thinking – Doing
(actions and reflection)
What are the differences between CE and CPD?
see slide 14
What is reflection?
“Active, persistent and careful consideration of any
belief or supposed form of knowledge...”
“We do not learn from experience, we learn from reflecting on experience."
Reflection is integral to:
• CPD Model
• Continuing Competence Program
• PharmD: Courses, skills labs, rotations
Slide 17, please review this one as I don't know what this slide is about ;-)
Continuing Competence Program (CCP)
What are the guiding principles? (5)
• Flexibility: Ability of program to accommodate diff pharmacist w diff practice settings and Learning preferences
• Engaging: inspiringc career long learning, peer to peer interactions and opportunitiesfor pharm
• Forward-looking: helping pharmacist meet changing needs of albertans and integrating
With other ACP programs, support throughout programs
• Sustainable: ongoing relevance of program and ability to change over time when new needs or practices required
• Responsible: make sure they meet legislative requirements
CCP - What are the adult learning principles?
• Relevance / involved in creating education
• Based on experience
• Know reason for learning something
• Problem-centred vs content
• Internal motivation
• Responsible for learning
What are the CCP requirements?
For each continuing education (CE) cycle
(e.g. June 1, 2019 - May 31, 2020)
• Complete at least 15 continuing education units
(CEUs) 1 CEU = 1 hour of contact time
• Complete any required learning
Assigned by the Competence Committee
• Implement at least 1 CEU into practice
• Self-assess (Optional)
• Submit records (Portfolio)
An ______ ________ activity is a learning activity that is accredited by
• Canadian Council on Continuing Education in Pharmacy (CCCEP)
• Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education (ACPE)
• Other provincial or territorial pharmacy regulatory
authority in Canada
• CEUs – determined by the accrediting body
A ___________ ________ activity is “meaningful
learning undertaken by a clinical pharmacist for the
purpose of improving their practice”.
• Acquire new knowledge or to update and reinforce
• Not the replication of existing knowledge or social
activities related to pharmacy events
• CEUs – determined by the pharmacist (1 CEU = 1 hour of meaningful learning)