Lecture 33 - Leadership 1 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Lecture 33 - Leadership 1 Deck (33)
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1

Why is it important to define leadership?

• There is no common definition for leadership

• Leadership is a complex concept. Essential elements:
- Leadership as a process (between leader and
followers)
- Occurs in groups
- Involves influence
- Common goals

• Leadership will have different meanings to different
people

• Understanding how you define leadership will
influence how you lead

2

The most common definitions of leadership involved ____ ____ toward the achievement of a ____ ____ and leading organizational ____.

motivating others
specific goal
change

3

Characteristics of Process Leadership:

• “A process whereby an individual influences a group
of individuals to achieve a common goal”

• Phenomena that occurs in the interactions between
leaders and followers

• Can be learned

4

Characteristics of Trait Leadership:

• “Leadership is a quality that can be found in anyone
who exercises responsibility to rise to a challenge,
and who uses his or her skills to engage others in
solving that problem”

• Innate qualities, only available to certain people

5

Characteristics of Assigned Leadership:

• Based on a position within an organization
- Team leader
- Manager
- Director

• Formal

6

Characteristics of Emergent Leadership:

• Leadership perceived by others regardless of the
individual’s title
- Adaptive
- Emerges over time
- Affected by personality, competencies, caring about
people

• Informal

7

What is power:

Personal power:

Position power:

• The capacity to influence
- ability to change other’s beliefs, attitudes and
actions

• Individuals are able to develop leadership abilities
to build personal power

• Often associated with assigned leadership

8

What are 5 types of power?

1. Referent power:
- followers like the leader
- personal power

2. Expert power:
- leader’s competence
- personal power

3. Legitimate power:
- formal authority
- position power

4. Reward power:
- leader can reward
- position power

5. Coercive power:
- leader can punish
- position power

9

Explain the difference between formal and informal leadership:

However leadership in all levels - everyone leads in some capacity!

• Formal leader
- Leadership with the power to reward or discipline
(Big L)

• Informal leader (little l)
- Influence others
- Takes ownership
- Has initiative
- Assist formal leaders
- Can be an obstacle

10

Leadership vs Management

Turbulence vs Stability

During turbulence, require leadership

During stability, require management

11

Differences between manager & leader

The Manager
• Administers
• Plans and budgets
• Accepts the status quo
• Short-range view
• Does things right
• Focuses on systems
• Solves problems
• Asks how and when
• Values order and stability

The Leader
• Innovates
• Establishes direction
• Challenges the status quo
• Long-range perspective
• Does the right thing
• Focuses on people
• Motivates and inspires
• Asks what and why
• Values adaptability and change

12

what are the 3 traditional theoretical approaches?

trait theory
behavioural theory
situational theory

13

character traits of a successful leader

what theory is this?

trait theory

14

success is determined by the leader’s behaviour

what theory is this?

Behavioural theory

15

effectiveness is in the adjusting the leadership style

Situational theory

16

what are the 3 emerging leadership approaches?

Authentic leadership
Servant leadership
Adaptive leadership

17

authenticity of leadership is emphasized

what theory is this?

Authentic leadership

18

leader is in the role of servant, uses caring principles

what theory is this?

Servant leadership

19

leaders encourage followers to adapt by confronting challenges and change

what theory is this?

Adaptive leadership

20

• Trait theory
• Authentic leadership
• Emotional Intelligence

relates to which leadership definition?

Having specific personality traits

21

• Skills approach
• LEADS framework
• “Leading from within”

relates to which leadership definition?

A set of skills that can be learned

22

• Behavioural theory
• Servant leadership

relates to which leadership definition?

Behaviours or observable actions

23

• Situational theory

relates to which leadership definition?

Ability to adapt

24

• Transformational leadership
• Path-goal theory
• Followership

relates to which leadership definition?

Motivating followers

25

• Change theory

relates to which leadership definition?

A process

26

• As a job

relates to which leadership definition?

Formal leadership

27

how is the definition of leadership complex?

• There is no common definition for leadership
• Leadership is a complex concept. Essential
elements:
• Leadership as a process (between leader and followers)
• Occurs in groups
• Involves influence
• Common goals
• Leadership will have different meanings to
different people
• Understanding how you define leadership will
influence how you lead

28

what is LEADS?
what are the 5 domains

framework to develop leaders
• Five domains
• Four capabilities per domain
• Behavioural descriptors at four levels

Lead self
Engage others
Achieve results
Develop coalitions
Systems transformation

29

4 behaviours under Lead Self
- see slide for more

Are self aware
Develop themselves
Manage themselves
Demonstrate character

30

4 behaviours under Engage Others
- see slide for more

Foster development of others
Communicate effectively
Contribute to the creation of healthy organizations
Build teams