Lecture 3 -personality and life outcomes Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Lecture 3 -personality and life outcomes Deck (25)
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1

IQ vs Personality

-link between IQ + outcomes -> long history
-personality -> more recent, new topic
-IQ measure more readily available, easier to measure/interpret
-IQ is more heritable (more nature)
-IQ is correlated with personality quite often

2

stability of IQ vs personality

-IQ develops in childhood but is stable around age 12
-personality develops throughout life
-

3

Education

-low cognitive ability (intelligence) results in high school dropout
-completing college requires high cognitive and high noncognitive ability

4

Career

-if you have a job, both cognitive and noncognitive ability determine your wage
-low noncognitive ability reduces the likelihood of being employed

5

Health

-people with low cognitive and/or low noncognitive ability become smokers

6

crime

-only those scoring very low on noncognitve ability end up in jail

7

The Big Five (Education: grades)

-both IQ and conscientiousness show high correlation with course grades
-correlation depends on level of education: highest in lower grades
-correlation also depends on grade and subject
-openness only for languages
-conscientiousness also for math

8

How do psychology and economics students differ in personality?

-psychology students are more agreeable, neurotic and open

9

Career and wages

-high school dropout -> noncognitive skills more important
-four-year college degree -> cogntive skills more important
-> personality matters more for your wage if you have a lower education level

10

job performance

-intelligence is highly correlated with job performance
-conscientiouness strongest predictor of big 5

11

happiness

-cognitive ability at age 8 doesn't influence happiness at age 20
-social and emotional skills (extraversion , conscientiousness) influence happiness

12

misconduct

-smoke
-drink
-substance abuse
-violence
-getting into fights
etc

13

big 5 and misconduct

-cognitive skills and social and emotional skills matter
-the higher on cognitive skills -> less likely to 'act out'

14

big 5 and life outcomes summary

-conscientiousness -> success
-

15

selection effects

-personality predicts the occurrence of several major life events

16

socialization effect

-personality changes as the result of experiencing major life events

17

selection effect marriage - extraversion

-more extraverted people are more likely to get married

18

socialization effect marriage -extraversion

-extraversion decreased more for people who got married

19

selection effect marriage -openness

-more open people are more likely to get married

20

socialization effect marriage - openness

-once u get married -> openness declines more

21

selection effect agreeableness - divorce

-high on agreeableness -> didn't separate

22

selection effect conscientiousness -divorce

-low on conscientiousness -> higher chance of getting divorced

23

socialization effect
conscientiousness/agreeableness - divorce

-once divorced -> conscientiousness and agreeableness went up

24

is there a selection effect for random effects? - example: a spouse dies

no, there is no selection effect
-but socialization effect still there

25

data comparability

-researchers often use abbreviated measures
-> may underestimate the role that personality traits play in influencing important behaviors
-factors contributing to reliability:
-> use of more items
-> use of longer items
-> use of a verbal description for each response option