Lecture 13: Upper Extremity Angiology Flashcards Preview

Year 1: 03. MSK Exam 1 > Lecture 13: Upper Extremity Angiology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Lecture 13: Upper Extremity Angiology Deck (35)
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1

What muscle determines the regions for the Subclavian Artery?

The Anterior Scalene Muscle

2

What are all the arteries and its branches of Part 1 of the Subclavin Artery and what do they supply?

Part 1: Before Anterior Scalene Muscle

Vertebral Artery: supplies Brain

Inferior Thoracic Artery: supplies Anterior Thoracic Region

Thyrocervical Trunk:

1. Inferior Thyroid A. and Ascending Cervical A. 

2. Suprascapular Artery: Supplies supraspinatus and infraspinatus muscle

3. Transverse Cervical Artery: Trapezius M. 

-Deep Branch can replace dorsal scauplar and supply Rhomboids and Levator Scapulae 

 

VIT CD

3

What are all the arteries and its branches of Part 2 of the Subclavin Artery and what do they supply?

Part 2: Behind Anterior Scalene Muscle

Costocervical Trunk:

1. Deep Cervical Artery: supplies Muscles of the Deep Neck

2. Supreme Intercostal Artery 

VIT CD

4

What are all the arteries and its branches of Part 3 of the Subclavin Artery and what do they supply?

Part 3: After Anterior Scalene Muscle but before 1st Rib

Dorsal Scapular Artery: Supplies Rhomboids and Levator Scapulae Muscles

VIT CD

5

What defines the transition between the Subclavian and Axillary Arteries?

The First Rib

6

What are all the arteries and its branches of Part 1 of the Axillary Artery and what do they supply?

Part 1: Before Teres Minor Muscle

The Superior Thoracic

Despite its name, it's pretty tiny and often not present

Sixties Teens Love Sex And Pot

7

What are all the arteries and its branches of Part 2 of the Axillary Artery and what do they supply?

Part 2: Behind Teres Minor Muscle

1. Thoracoacromial Trunk

-Clavicular Branch

-Acromial Branch

-Deltoid Branch

-Pectoral Branch

Cadavers Are Dead People

2. Lateral Thoracic Artery: supplies Serratus Anterior Muscle

Sixties Teens Love Sex and Pot

8

What are all the arteries and its branches of Part 3 of the Axillary Artery and what do they supply?

1. Subscapular Artery: supplies Subscapular 

-Circumflex Scapular Artery: supplies Infraspinatus, Teres Minor, and Teres Major

-Thoracodorsal Artery: supplies Latissimus Dorsi Muscle

2. Anterior Circumflex Humeral Artery: supplies humerus

3. Posterior Circumflex Humeral Artery: supplies deltoids

Sixties Teens Love Sex and Pot

9

What causes pain and loss of sensation in Axillary Artery Aneurysm?

Compression of the Brachial Plexus

10

Where are the three scapular anastomoses?

1. B/t Suprascapular and Circumflex Scapular Arteries

2. B/t Circumflex Scapular and Dorsal Scapular Arteries

3. B/t Thoracodorsal and Dorsal Scapular Arteries

11

If you want to cut off blood supply to the Upper Extremity, where can place ligatures? 

Bare in mind the scapular anastomoses 

Before Thyrocervical Trunk or After Subscapular Arteries

12

The Deep Brachial Artery makes what 2 collateral arteries?

Radial Collateral Artery

Middle Collateral Artery

13

The Brachial Artery makes what two collateral arteries?

Superior Ulnar Collateral Artery

Inferior Ulnar Collateral Artery

14

What two major arteries give off the Recurrent Arteries of the Elbow Anastomosis?

Ulnar A. (Makes 3)

Radial A. (Makes 1)

15

What are the branches of the Ulnar Artery that help form the Elbow Anastomosis?

1. Anterior Ulnar Recurrent Artery

2. Posterior Ulnar Recurrent Artery

3. Interosseous Recurrent Artery (via Common Interosseous Artery)

16

What branch of the Radial Artery helps form the Elbow Anastomosis?

Radial Recurrent Artery

17

What arteries anastamose with each other at the elbow?

1. Superior Ulnar Collateral A. w/ Posterior Ulnar Reccurrent A.

2. Inferior Ulnar Collateral A. w/ Anterior Ulnar Reccurent A.

3. Middle Collateral A. w/ Interosseous Recurrent A.

4. Radial Collateral A. w/ Radial Recurrent A. 

18

What two minor Arteries feed into the Dorsal Carpal Arches?

The Anterior and Posterior Interosseous Arteries

19

What major Artery of the Hand is responsible for the Superficial Palmar Arterial Arch?

The Ulnar Artery

20

What major Artery of the Hand is responsible for the Deep Palmar Arterial Arch

The Radial Artery

21

When the Radial Artery ducks under the Thumb, what structure does it pass through?

The Anatomical Snuffbox

22

On the Dorsal side, what two Arteries come off of the Radial artery when it ducks behind the Thumb?

Dorsalis Pollicis

1st Dorsal Metacarpal Artery

23

The First Dorsal Metacarpal Artery comes off of the Radial Artery. What structure gives rise to the 2nd through 4th? 

The Dorsal Carpal Arch

24

What two oddly named Arteries of the Thumb does the Radial Artery make?

Which one is Dorsal, and which one is Palmar?

Dorsal: Dorsalis Pollicis

Palmar: Princeps Pollicis

25

What Artery supplies the lateral side of the Second Digit?

Princeps Pollicis

26

What four arteries supply the Third and Fourth digits?

Two Proper Palmar Digital Arteries

Two Dorsal Digital Arteries

27

What do Proper Palmar Digital Arteries split off from?

Common Palmar Digital Arteries

28

What do Dorsal Digital Arteries split off from?

Dorsal Metacarpal Arteries

29

What supplies the medial side of the 5th Digit?

The medial Proper Palmar Digital Artery of the 5th Digit
 

The pinky does not get a medial Dorsal Digital Arteries

30

If the Superficial Palmar Arterial Arch was blocked, how might the Palmar side of the Digits receive blood?

Blood can flow from the Deep Palmar Arterial Arch through the Palmar Metacarpal Arteries into the Common Palmar Digital Arteries