Learning Disabilities Flashcards Preview

Medicine, Year 1 Block 6 (Psychological Medicine) > Learning Disabilities > Flashcards

Flashcards in Learning Disabilities Deck (12)
Loading flashcards...
1

What are the four criteria for "Learning Disability"?

- Impairment of intelligence
- Impairment in adaptive behaviour
- Impairment in social functioning
- Onset < 18 years old

2

What are the three ways in which we can "measure" intelligence?

- Standford-Binet Scale 1905
- Intelligence Quotient (IQ)
- Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS)

3

To be classed as heaving a Learning Difficulty, you may have an IQ of...?

Less than 70 (2 sd's below the mean of 100)

4

Define "Impairment"

An abnormality in structure / function of something

5

Define "Disability"

The functional consequence of impairment

6

Define "Handicap"

The social consequence of impairment

7

How does the Social Model view Disability?

Seen as a function of society

8

State some infectious causes of Learning Disabilities (TORCH)

- Toxicoplasmosis
- Rubella
- Cytomegalovirus / Congenital syphillis
- Herpes

9

Give an example of a Metabolic Condition which can cause a Learning Disability

Phenylketonuria (PKU), characterised by an absence of Phenylalanine hydroxylase

10

Give an example of a Genetic condition which can cause a Learning Disability

Trisomy 21

11

Give two examples of Toxins which can cause a Learning Disability

Foetal Alcohol Syndrome
Lead Poisoning

12

Describe what "Death by Indifference" might mean

People with learning disabilities are dying with hospital services due to:

- Being neglected by the system
- Institutional discrimination
- Delay of diagnosis / treatment
- Lack of adjustment
- Capacity decisions