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A-Level Computer Science OCR > Law and Ethics > Flashcards

Flashcards in Law and Ethics Deck (36)
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1

positives of computers in the workplace

- more effective communications
- removal of humans in construction processes
shifting skill sets

2

automated decision making

computers make decisions and take actions based on sets of pre-defined rules and parameters without human involvement

3

Artificial intelligence

writing software and algorithms which appear to behave as if they were intelligent

4

Data mining

automated process which looks at large sets of data and tries to identify patterns in order to predict something

5

censorship

the deliberate supression of material, either in the form of what can be published or what can be accessed

6

DPA year

1998

7

CMA year

1990

8

CDPA year

1988

9

RIPA year

2000

10

Data Protection act

sets out requirements for the control or storage of individuals personal data.
In a company the data controller has to control the processing and storage of data based on the data subject.

11

Data Protection Act parts

Data processed fairly and lawfully
Data should only be collected for specific purposes
Data should be relevant and not excessive
Data should be accurate and up to date
Data should not be kept longer than needed
The user has a right to access and correct data
The organisation must have suitable security
Data can not be transferred outside the UK to any country with no data protection laws

12

The Computer Misuse Act

makes unauthorized access to computer systems illegal:
The intent to commit or facilitate commission of further offences with intent to impair the operating of a computer

13

Copy Right Design and Patents Act

protects the intellectual property rights of individuals and organisations. This law makes it illegal to Copy, Modify or Distribute any software or any other intellectual property without permission of the original creator.

14

The Regulation of Investigatory Powers Act

gives certain bodies the right to monitor communications and internal activity. It was made due to modern threats from criminals and terrorist organizations.

15

RIPA Grants rights to:

-Demand ISPs provide access to a customer's surveillance
-Demand ISPs fit equipment to facilitate surveillance
-Demand access be granted to protected information
-Prevent existence of such interception activities being revealed in court

16

Data subject

the individual about whom the data is stored

17

Data Controller

The person who is responsible for implementing the provisions of the DPA within an organisation.

18

Environmental issues (3)

- airborne dioxins & radioactive isotopes
- to avoid the cost of recycling waste is shipped to third world countries
- modern computers consume alot of power

19

Uses of monitoring (4)

- performance in a workplace role
- tagging criminals
- driving/insurance costs
- internet activity

20

Data mining uses (3)

- helps stop organised crime
- strategic decision in businesses
- spotting patterns and helping scientific discoveries

21

Colour paradigms

- colours may have different meaning in different societies which is important to consider for a global market.
- colourblind may have difficulties

22

Layout

- different cultures prefer different designs e.g. western culture prefer simpler designs but in japan/korea they prefer a busier more colour layout.
- different languages use different amounts of space which will mess up the layout
- pictures mean different things
- some countries write their text from right to left

23

negatives of computers in the workforce (3)

- Organisations have become dependent on computers
- Increased stress and other health issues
- Distractions & Disconnectedness

24

Give examples of where automate decision making is used. (4)

- Brain scans- treatment required
- Shut off decision in energy grid
- Specific deals to specific customers
- Transport- optimise seat pricing

25

disadvantages of automated decision making (4)

- Transfer of power from human to computer
- Unanticipated effects
- Obscuring responsibility- who is to blame if wrong?
- Less jobs

26

advantages of AI (4)

- Take on stressful/complex work that humans can't
- Complete the task faster than a human can with less errors
- We can discover unexplored things i.e. outer space
- The function is infinite

27

disadvantages of AI (4)

- Lacks the "human touch"
- Unemployment
- Can malfunction and do the opposite of what they are programmed to do
- Can be misused leading to mass scale destruction & May corrupt younger generations

28

environmental positives of computer (4)

- helps develop sustainable materials
- helps monitor environment better
- paperless communication
- smarter technologies (lights turn off when you leave etc)

29

issues with censorship (3)

- violation of rights
- widening social gaps
- cost - is it worth it?

30

most censored countries

North Korea
Burma
Cuba
Saudi Arabia
Iran
China
Syria
Tunisia