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Physiology is the study of what?

The function of the body.

1

Anatomy is the study of....

The structure of the body

2

Define Homeostasis

A relatively steady internal state, usually maintained by negative feed back.

3

Define negative feedback.

Reverses a change in a controlled condition.

4

Positive feedback

Strengthens or reinforces a change in a controlled body system.

5

What are the 7 structures of structural complexity?

Molecule (made up ad atoms), organelles made up of molecules), cells (Made up of organelles), tissues (made up of cells), organs (made up of specialized tissues), organ systems, (organs in a group working toward the same purpose), and organisms!

6

Superior

Toward the upper part of the body.

7

Inferior

Toward the lower part of the body.

8

Anterior

Nearing the front body

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Posterior

Nearing the back body

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Medial

Nearer to the middle line

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Lateral

Farther from the middle line

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Intermediate

Between two structures

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Ipsilateral

On the same side of the body as another structure.

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Contra lateral

On the opposite side of the body as another structure

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Proximal

Nearer to the attachment of the limb

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Distal

Farther from the attachment of the limb or trunk

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Sagittal plane

Divide the body or organs right from left

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Midsagittal/ medial plane

When the plane passes through the middle p the body

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Parasagittal plane

Divides right from left unequally

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Frontal/coronal plane

Divides a body or organ anterior from posterior

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Oblique plane

Passes through the body or organ on an angle other than 90 degrees

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Transverse plane

Divided superior from inferior

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Cranial cavity

Contain the brain

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Vertebral canal

Stems from the cranial cavity, containing the spinal column

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Thoracic cavity

Chest cavity separated by the diaphragm

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Abdominal cavity

From diaphragm to pelvic cavity

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Pelvic cavity

Below abdominal cavity