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Flashcards in Lab VI Deck (60)
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1

Expiration

Exhalation

2

Expiratory reserve volume

amount of air forcibly exhaled beyond normal breath (maximum amount of air that can be exhaled)

3

External respiration

exchange of gases between lungs and blood

4

inspiration

inhalation

5

inspiration reserve volume

deep breath beyond normal breath (maximum amount of air that can be inhaled)

6

internal respiration

exchange of gases between blood and tissues in the body

7

minimal volume

amount of air remaining in lungs even after collapse of lungs

8

Pulmonary Ventilation

breathing

9

Residual Volume

amount of air that can NOT be forcibly exhaled

10

Spirometer

instrument that measures lung volume

11

Tidal Volume

normal breath (in & out)

12

Total Lung Capacity

total amount of exchangeable and non-exchangeable air in the lungs

13

Vital Capacity

maximum amount of air that can be exhaled after a maximum inhalation (ERV) + (TV) + (IRV)

14

"Adam's Apple"

thyroid cartilage

15

alveolus

functional unit of respiratory system where gas exchange take place

16

auscultation

process of listening to sounds of the body

17

glottis

the opening to the larynx

18

sounds of Korotkoff

sounds heard when taking blood pressure with a cuff

19

Sphygmomanometer

instrument used to measure blood pressure

20

"Wind Pipe"

Trachea

21

Name the three portions of the pharynx

1. Nasopharynx - behind the nose 2. Ovopharynx - behind the mouth 3. Larangopharynx - behind the larynx

22

Name the three pairs of tonsils.

1. pharyngeal (adenoids) 2. palatine 3. lingual

23

Name the three largest and unpaired cartilages of the larynx

1. thyroid 2. cricoid 3. epiglottis

24

Name three arteries that can be used to measure the pulse rate.

1. temporal 2. coratoid 3. braccial

25

What is the normal range for the pulse rate in adults?

60 - 100 beats per minute

26

Given a patient's blood pressure, determine the following: Diastolic Pressure

Diastolic: 80

27

Given a patient's blood pressure, determine the following: Pulse Pressure

pulse pressure: 40 (120-80)

28

Given a patient's blood pressure, determine the following: Systolic Pressure

systolic: 120

29

Why are the larynx, trachea, and bronchi made of cartilage rather muscle or bone?

Bone is too stiff. Muscle would collapse. Cartilage is strong but flexible.

30

Be able to identify in a "forward facing" torso the following structures:

a. alveoli b. bronchioles c. bronchi d. cricoid cartilage e. diaphragm f. epiglottis g. lung h. parietal pleura i. pleural cavity j. pulmonary (visceral) pleura k. thyroid cartilage l. trachea