Lab Test VII Digestive Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Lab Test VII Digestive Deck (19)
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1

Trace a morsel of food through the digestive tract by listing the following structures in order

1-Oval Cavity
2-Pharynx
3-Esophagus
4-Stomach
5-Duodenum
6-Jejunum
7-ileum
8-Cecum
9-Ascending Colon
10-Transverse Colon
11-Descending Colon
12-Sigmoid Colon
13-Rectum
14-Anus

2

Be able to trace a drop of Urine through the nephron by listing the following structures in order

1-Bowman's Capsule
2-Proximal Convoluted Tubule
3-Descending Limb
4-Loop of Henle
5-Ascending Limb
6-Distal Convoluted Tubule
7-Collecting Duct
8-Renal Calyx
9-Renal Pelvis
10-Ureter
11-Urinary Bladder
12-Urethra

3

List the three main processes of urine formation

Filtration
Reabsorption
Secretion

4

Describe a normal urine sample

apperance (color, clarity) yellow, clear
pH- 4.5-8.0
Specific Gravity- 1.003-1.030

5

List the abnormal constituents of urine that are measured during a routine urinalysis using a dipstick method

Allbumin, Bilirubin

6

What term is used to describe the location of the kidneys with respect to the peritoneal cavity

Retroperitoneal

7

Name the major pigment that is responsible for the color of the urine

Urochrome

8

List the layers of the intestinal tract in order from inside to outside

1-Mucosa
2-Submucosa
3-Muscularis external
4-Serosa

9

What is the anatomical reason for the location of the testes

They are located in the scrotal sac outside the peritoneal cavity in order to maintain the proper temperature for sperm development

10

Sperm is produced by ________

seminferous tubules

11

Testosterone is produced by the ______________

Interstitial Cells

12

Name One accessory glands of the male reproductive system

Prostate Gland

13

After ovulation, the tertiary follicle becomes the ______

Corpus Luteum

14

After Ovulation, which then begins to produce _________

Progesterone and Estrogen

15

Name the One layer of the uterine wall

Endometrium

16

What is gynecology

The branch of medicine which deals with the care and treatment of the female reproductive system

17

What part of the male reproductive system is altered in a vasectomy

Vas (ductus) deferens

18

What part of the female reproductive system is altered in a tubal ligation (tubes ties)

Fallopian Tubes

19

What part of the female reproductive system is altered in a Hysterectomy

Uterus