Flashcards in Lab 2 Deck (124)
Which fluke is the largest?
F. hepatica (2-3 cm)
What is the family of the Fascicola?
What is the host spectrum of Fasciola hepatica?
Wide, mostly herbivorous mammals and humans
What are the steps of the lifecycle of F. hepatica?
MI - SPO - RE1 - RE2 - CE (Miracidium, Sporocysts, Redia and Cercaria)
The lifecycle of F. hepatica in Lymnea peregra snail?
None is right, F. hepatica cannot develop in Lymnea peregra snail
How is the lifecycle of F. hepatica ?
How big is Fasciola hepatica?
How is the shape of the Fasciola hepatica?
What is another name for Fasciola hepatica?
Common liver fluke
What kind of method is used to detect Fasciola hepatica egg?
Sedimentation method or flotation
Where can you find the adult form of Fasciola hepatica?
In the bile duct and gallbladder
Where can you find the juvenile form of Fasciola hepatica?
Penetrates the intestine and migrates to the liver via abdominal cavity
What is the primarily intermediate host of F. hepatica?
Galba truncatula (snail)
After the death of F. hepatica flukes what can be found?
Fibrotic tracts or necrotic areas in liver
What are special about the diagnosis of acute Fasciolosis?
There are no eggs in the faeces
How can you treat the Fasciolosis?
Treat with Triclabendazol (only fluicide which shows 90-100% efficacy against both early
immature and mature Fasciola spp.)
What is the main source of heavy fasciolosis?
What is the size of the eggs of F. hepatica?
Which color of the eggs does Fasciola hepatica have?
What does the Fasciola hepatica eggs contain?
What surrounds the egg of the F. hepatica?
Zygote containing egg of F. hepatica develops into?
Ciliated larva (miracidium) in water usually within 2 weeks
F. hepatica: in the body of snail the first larva turns into?
What happens in the cavity of the sporocyst of F. hepatica?
Third larval form develops by asexual budding (paedogenesis)
In which stage does the F. hepatica shed their tail?
How long takes the migration in the liver parenchyma of F. hepatica?
Approximately how long is the praepatent period of F. hepatica?
What are the definitive hosts of F. hepatica?
All kinds of ruminants, mainly the hollow-horned ones (bovidae)
What are the most susceptible species for Fasciola hepatica?
Sheep, goat, rabbit and hare + (artificially: mouse, rat