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1

Which fluke is the largest?

F. hepatica (2-3 cm)

2

What is the family of the Fascicola?

Trematodes

3

What is the host spectrum of Fasciola hepatica?

Wide, mostly herbivorous mammals and humans

4

What are the steps of the lifecycle of F. hepatica?

MI - SPO - RE1 - RE2 - CE (Miracidium, Sporocysts, Redia and Cercaria)

5

The lifecycle of F. hepatica in Lymnea peregra snail?

None is right, F. hepatica cannot develop in Lymnea peregra snail

6

How is the lifecycle of F. hepatica ?

indirect

7

How big is Fasciola hepatica?

2-3 cm

8

How is the shape of the Fasciola hepatica?

Leaf-like

9

What is another name for Fasciola hepatica?

Common liver fluke

10

What kind of method is used to detect Fasciola hepatica egg?

Sedimentation method or flotation

11

Where can you find the adult form of Fasciola hepatica?

In the bile duct and gallbladder

12

Where can you find the juvenile form of Fasciola hepatica?

Penetrates the intestine and migrates to the liver via abdominal cavity

13

What is the primarily intermediate host of F. hepatica?

Galba truncatula (snail)

14

After the death of F. hepatica flukes what can be found?

Fibrotic tracts or necrotic areas in liver

15

What are special about the diagnosis of acute Fasciolosis?

There are no eggs in the faeces

16

How can you treat the Fasciolosis?

Treat with Triclabendazol (only fluicide which shows 90-100% efficacy against both early
immature and mature Fasciola spp.)

17

What is the main source of heavy fasciolosis?

Secondary biotopes

18

What is the size of the eggs of F. hepatica?

120-150 μm

19

Which color of the eggs does Fasciola hepatica have?

Golden yellow

20

What does the Fasciola hepatica eggs contain?

Zygote

21

What surrounds the egg of the F. hepatica?

Granulated yolk

22

Zygote containing egg of F. hepatica develops into?

Ciliated larva (miracidium) in water usually within 2 weeks

23

F. hepatica: in the body of snail the first larva turns into?

Bladder-like sporocyst

24

What happens in the cavity of the sporocyst of F. hepatica?

Third larval form develops by asexual budding (paedogenesis)

25

In which stage does the F. hepatica shed their tail?

Cercariae

26

How long takes the migration in the liver parenchyma of F. hepatica?

4-6 weeks

27

Approximately how long is the praepatent period of F. hepatica?

10 weeks

28

What are the definitive hosts of F. hepatica?

All kinds of ruminants, mainly the hollow-horned ones (bovidae)

29

What are the most susceptible species for Fasciola hepatica?

Sheep, goat, rabbit and hare + (artificially: mouse, rat

30

What are the moderately susceptible species of Fasciola hepatica?

Cattle, deer, roe-deer, moufflon, buffalo and camel + (artificially: guinea pig)