Flashcards in lab 1 Deck (50)
What is the host spectrum of Fasciola hepatica?
Wide, mostly herbivorous mammals and humans
What are the steps of the lifecycle of F. hepatica?
MI - SPO - RE1 - RE2 – CE (Miracidium, Sporocysts, Redia and Cercaria)
How is the lifecycle of F. hepatica ?
Where can you find the adult form of Fasciola hepatica?
In the bile duct and gallbladder
Where can you find the juvenile form of Fasciola hepatica?
Penetrates the intestine and migrates to the liver via abdominal cavity
What is the primarily intermediate host of F. hepatica?
Galba truncatula (snail)
What is the main source of heavy fasciolosis?
What is the size of the eggs of F. hepatica?
Which color of the eggs does Fasciola hepatica have?
What does the Fasciola hepatica eggs contain?
What surrounds the egg of the F. hepatica?
Zygote containing egg of F. hepatica develops into?
Ciliated larva (miracidium) in water usually within 2 weeks
F. hepatica: in the body of snail the first larva turns into?
What happens in the cavity of the sporocyst of F. hepatica?
Third larval form develops by asexual budding (paedogenesis)
In which stage does the F. hepatica shed their tail?
How long takes the migration in the liver parenchyma of F. hepatica?
Approximately how long is the praepatent period of F. hepatica?
What are the definitive hosts of F. hepatica?
All kinds of ruminants, mainly the hollow-horned ones (bovidae)
What are the most susceptible species for Fasciola hepatica?
Sheep, goat, rabbit and hare + (artificially: mouse, rat )
What are the moderately susceptible species of Fasciola hepatica?
Cattle, deer, roe-deer, moufflon, buffalo and camel + (artificially: guinea pig)
What are the least susceptible species for Fasciola heptica?
Horse, pig, dog, cat and humans
What can be the symptoms of acute form of Fasciola hepatica?
Rapid weight loss, sudden death
What colour are the mucous membranes in case of sub acute Fasciolosis?
What can be the symptoms of sub acute form of Fasciola hepatica?
Severe anemia, bottle jaw
What can be the symptoms of chronic form of Fasciola hepatica?
Submandibular edema, cachexia
F. hepatica: in case of acute form the young flukes can be found in?
F. hepatica: in case of chronic form the flukes can be found?
In the biliary ducts and gallbladder
What are the steps of the lifecycle in rumen fluke?
MI - SPO - RE1 - CE (Miracidium, Sporocysts, Redia and Cercaria)
How is the lifecycle of rumen flukes?