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Flashcards in Knowledge Check Definitions Deck (25)
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1

Occurring at an abnormal place or upon the wrong part of the body

Heterotrophic

2

Wedge-shaped muscle posterior to the thyroid gland

Longus Colli muscle

3

Causing little pain or slow-growing

Indolent

4

Area on nuclear medicine study where the radioisotope has not been taken up

Cold Nodule

5

Most common inflammatory disease of the thyroid gland

Hashimoto thyroiditis

6

Benign solid tumour

Adenoma

7

Oversecretion of parathyroid hormones

Primary hyperparathyroidism

8

Thyroid gland is producing the correct amount of thyroid hormone

Euthyroid

9

Disorder associated with elevated serum calcium levels, usually caused by benign parathyroid adenoma

Hyperparathyroidism

10

Congenital anomaly, located anterior to the trachea, extending from the base of the tongue to the isthmus of the thyroid

Thyroglossal duct cyst

11

Hormone that regulates serum calcium and phosphate

Parathyroid hormone

12

Invasive procedure using a small gauge needle to obtain a tissue sample from a specific lesion

Fine needle aspiration

13

Large muscles located anterolateral to the thyroid

SCM

14

Most common form of thyroid cancer

Papillary carcinoma

15

Increase in colour Doppler vascular flow in the thyroid

Thyroid inferno

16

Hyperechoic foci that may or may not shadow

Microcalcifications

17

Sternohyoid and sternothyroid muscles located anterior to the thyroid

Strap muscles

18

Band of thyroid tissue connecting the right and left lobes

Isthmus

19

Loss of differentiation of cells, which is characteristic of tumour tissue

Anaplasia

20

Underactive thyroid hormones

Hypothyroidism

21

Enlargement of the glands

Adenopathy

22

Inflammation of the thyroid

Thyroiditis

23

Autoimmune hyperthyroidism caused by antibodies that continuously activate TSH receptors

Graves disease

24

Hormone secreted by the anterior pituitary gland that stimulates the thyroid to secrete T3 and T4

Thyroid-stimulating hormone

25

Focal or diffuse thyroid gland enlargement due to iodine deficiency

Goiter