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Flashcards in killin this test Deck (62)
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1

integrating and processing visual info

occipital lobe

2

language, processing auditory info, memory, learning

temporal lobe

3

sensations, recognizing objects, spatial judgement, time

parietal lobe

4

social skills, problem solving, planning/reasoning

frontal lobe

5

balance and coordination

cerebellum

6

what does the brain stem do

regulates breathing, body temp, heart activity

7

what are modifiable risk factors

Anything you can change.
weight loss, dietary, exercise... which then can control bp and blood glucose

8

nonmodifiable

anything you CANNOT change you are born with.
age, activity level, sedentary lifestyle, ethnicity, male female

9

ethnic group more at risk for HTN and diabetes

african americans

10

know your

cranial nerves!!

11

LOC most sensitive indicator

neuro status

12

brief response with peripheral stimulation

obtunded; pen to nail bed

13

complete awareness

conscious

14

opens eyes to verbal and peripheral stimulation but falls asleep when stimulation ceases

lethargic

15

difficult to stimulate; requires peripheral or central stimulation

stuporous; sternocleidomastoid pinch FIRST, STERNAL RUB

16

glasgow coma scale what is the best number and when do you intubate

15 best
less than 8= intubate

17

dilated pupils

cn 3 is compressed; PERRLA

18

pinpoint pupils

pons damaged or drugs

19

corneal reflex

used for patients that are unresponsive

20

cough and gag reflex

tongue blade to back of throat=gag
illicit gag reflex

21

babinski

positive- toes flare outward (BAD)
negative- toes curl (GOOD)

22

romberg test

identifies sensory ataxia, balance and coordination issues, or abnormal proprioception
damage to the cerebellum if not good

23

vestibulo-ocular reflex

doll eyes
positive is good- eyes stay with you without head movement
negative is bad- eyes move and stay with movement of head

24

decorticate

to the core

25

decerebrate

arms are straight with wrists extended

26

flaccid

no muscle tone or movement

27

mannitol

osmostic diuretic that pulls fluid off of the brain, reduces ICP
NI: strict i and o, monitor fluids and electrolytes, monitor serum os

28

hypertonic saline

3%
decreases cerebral edema
given to central venous cath
s/e: HYPERnatremia adn thirst
monitor sodium, kidney, neuro changes, urinary output

29

how to find out cerebral perfusion pressure

MAP - ICP = CPP

30

MAP

(SBP + 2DBP)/3