Kaplan OG 12 Sentence Correction Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Kaplan OG 12 Sentence Correction Deck (490)
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1

9. Like the idolization accorded the Brontës and Brownings, James Joyce and Virginia Woolf are often subjected to the kind of veneration that blurs the distinction between the artist and the human being. (A) Like the idolization accorded the Brontës and Brownings, (B) As the Brontës’ and Brownings’ idolization, (C) Like that accorded to the Brontës and Brownings, (D) As it is of the Brontës and Brownings, (E) Like the Brontës and Brownings,

E

2

132

D

3

integers

An integer is any number in the set {. . . –3, –2, –1, 0, 1, 2, 3, . . .}.

3

1. The Glass House Mountains in Queensland, Australia, were sighted in 1770 by the English navigator Captain James Cook, by whom they were named supposedly because its sheer wet rocks glistened like glass. (A) by whom they were named supposedly because its (B) by whom they were named supposedly and their (C) naming them supposedly since their (D) who so named them supposedly because their (E) who so named it since supposedly their

D

3

2. Although a surge in retail sales have raised hopes that there is a recovery finally under way, many economists say that without a large amount of spending the recovery might not last. (A) have raised hopes that there is a recovery finally (B) raised hopes for there being a recovery finally (C) had raised hopes for a recovery finally being (D) has raised hopes that a recovery is finally (E) raised hopes for a recovery finally

D

3

3. Although various eighteenth- and nineteenth-century American poets had professed an interest in Native American poetry and had pretended to imitate Native American forms in their own works, until almost 1900, scholars and critics did not begin seriously to study traditional Native American poetry in native languages. (A) until almost 1900, scholars and critics did not begin seriously to study (B) until almost 1900 scholars and critics had not begun seriously studying (C) not until almost 1900 were scholars and critics to begin seriously to study (D) it was not almost until 1900 when scholars and critics began to seriously study (E) it was not until almost 1900 that scholars and critics seriously began studying

E

3

4. Of all the vast tides of migration that have swept through history, maybe none is more concentrated as the wave that brought 12 million immigrants onto American shores in little more than three decades. (A) maybe none is more concentrated as (B) it may be that none is more concentrated as (C) perhaps it is none that is more concentrated than (D) maybe it is none that was more concentrated than (E) perhaps none was more concentrated than

E

3

5. Diabetes, together with its serious complications, ranks as the nation’s third leading cause of death, surpassed only by heart disease and cancer. (A) ranks as the nation’s third leading cause of death, surpassed only (B) rank as the nation’s third leading cause of death, only surpassed (C) has the rank of the nation’s third leading cause of death, only surpassed (D) are the nation’s third leading causes of death, surpassed only (E) have been ranked as the nation’s third leading causes of death, only surpassed

A

3

6. In late 1997, the chambers inside the pyramid of the Pharaoh Menkaure at Giza were closed to visitors for cleaning and repair due to moisture exhaled by tourists, which raised its humidity to such levels so that salt from the stone was crystallizing and fungus was growing on the walls. (A) due to moisture exhaled by tourists, which raised its humidity to such levels so that salt from the stone was crystallizing (B) due to moisture that tourists had exhaled, thereby raising its humidity to such levels that salt from the stone would crystallize (C) because tourists were exhaling moisture, which had raised the humidity within them to levels such that salt from the stone would crystallize (D) because of moisture that was exhaled by tourists raising the humidity within them to levels so high as to make the salt from the stone crystallize (E) because moisture exhaled by tourists had raised the humidity within them to such levels that salt from the stone was crystallizing

E

Difference between due to and because of...Due to would always modify a noun for exampls john's loss was due to ----- whereas because of would modify a verb for example john lost because of... here lost is the verb modified by because whereas john's loss is a noun modified by due to

3

7. As those of measuring instruments, the company has become increasingly willing to compete for the mass market sales they would in the past have conceded to rivals. (A) they would in the past have conceded to rivals (B) they would have conceded previously to their rivals (C) that in the past would have been conceded previously to rivals (D) it previously would have conceded to rivals in the past (E) it would in the past have conceded to rivals

E

3

8. The widely accepted big bang theory holds that the universe began in an explosive instant ten to twenty billion years ago and has been expanding ever since. (A) that the universe began in an explosive instant ten to twenty billion years ago and has been expanding (B) that the universe had begun in an explosive instant ten to twenty billion years ago and had been expanding (C) that the beginning of the universe was an explosive instant ten to twenty billion years ago that has expanded (D) the beginning of the universe to have been an explosive instant ten to twenty billion years ago that is expanding (E) the universe to have begun in an explosive instant ten to twenty billion years ago and has been expanding

A

3

10. Carnivorous mammals can endure what would otherwise be lethal levels of body heat because they have a heat-exchange network which kept the brain from getting too hot. (A) which kept (B) that keeps (C) which has kept (D) that has been keeping (E) having kept

B

3

11. There are several ways to build solid walls using just mud or clay, but the most extensively used method has been the forming of bricks out of mud or clay, and, after some preliminary air drying or sun drying, they are laid in the wall in mud mortar. (A) the forming of bricks out of mud or clay, and, after some preliminary air drying or sun drying, they are laid (B) forming the mud or clay into bricks, and, after some preliminary air drying or sun drying, to lay them (C) having bricks formed from mud or clay, and, after some preliminary air drying or sun drying, they were laid (D) to form the mud or clay into bricks, and, after some preliminary air drying or sun drying, to lay them (E) that bricks were formed from mud or clay, which, after some preliminary air drying or sun drying, were laid

D

3

Relationship between integer, divisor, remainder What is the remainder if y is divisible by y What is the quotient when a smaller number is divided by a smaller number

y = xq + r and 0 ≤ r < x. For example, when 28 is divided by 8, the quotient is 3 and the remainder is 4 since 28 = (8)(3) + 4. Note that y is divisible by x if and only if the remainder is 0 Also, note that when a smaller integer is divided by a larger integer, the quotient is 0 and the remainder is the smaller integer. For example, 5 divided by 7 has the quotient 0 and the remainder 5 since 5 = (7)(0) + 5.

3

131

E

4

134

B

 

As per the problem, Let l and w be the length and width respectively. Therefore l = 2w. 

 

The formula for calculating perimeter is 2l + 2w = Perimeter.

Hence 2l + 2w = 10

replace 2w with l

2l+l = 10

hence l = 10/3

and w = l/2

w = (10/3)/2 = 5/2

Hence answer is B.

5

12. Rising inventories, when unaccompanied correspondingly by increases in sales, can lead to production cutbacks that would hamper economic growth. (A) when unaccompanied correspondingly by increases in sales, can lead (B) when not accompanied by corresponding increases in sales, possibly leads (C) when they were unaccompanied by corresponding sales increases, can lead (D) if not accompanied by correspondingly increased sales, possibly leads (E) if not accompanied by corresponding increases in sales, can lead

E

5

14. Sunspots, vortices of gas associated with strong electromagnetic activity, are visible as dark spots on the surface of the Sun but have never been sighted on the Sun’s poles or equator. (A) are visible as dark spots on the surface of the Sun but have never been sighted on (B) are visible as dark spots that never have been sighted on the surface of the Sun (C) appear on the surface of the Sun as dark spots although never sighted at (D) appear as dark spots on the surface of the Sun, although never having been sighted at (E) appear as dark spots on the Sun’s surface, which have never been sighted on

A

5

133

E

5

135

C

6

13. A surge in new home sales and a drop in weekly unemployment claims suggest that the economy might not be as weak as some analysts previously thought. (A) claims suggest that the economy might not be as weak as some analysts previously thought (B) claims suggests that the economy might not be so weak as some analysts have previously thought (C) claims suggest that the economy might not be as weak as have been previously thought by some analysts (D) claims, suggesting about the economy that it might not be so weak as previously thought by some analysts (E) claims, suggesting the economy might not be as weak as previously thought to be by some analysts

A

7

137

E

8

15. Warning that computers in the United States are not secure, the National Academy of Sciences has urged the nation to revamp computer security procedures, institute new emergency response teams, creating a special nongovernment organization to take charge of computer security planning. (A) creating a special nongovernment organization to take (B) creating a special nongovernment organization that takes (C) creating a special nongovernment organization for taking (D) and create a special nongovernment organization for taking (E) and create a special nongovernment organization to take

E

8

17. The commission has directed advertisers to restrict the use of the word “natural” to foods that do not contain color or flavor additives, chemical preservatives, or nothing that has been synthesized. (A) or nothing that has been (B) or that has been (C) and nothing that is (D) or anything that has been (E) and anything

D

8

136

A

8

138

E

9

139

B

10

16. Retail sales rose 0.8 of 1 percent in August, intensifying expectations that personal spending in the July–September quarter more than doubled that of the 1.4 percent growth rate in personal spending for the previous quarter. (A) that personal spending in the July–September quarter more than doubled that of (B) that personal spending in the July–September quarter would more than double (C) of personal spending in the July–September quarter, that it more than doubled (D) of personal spending in the July–September quarter more than doubling that of (E) of personal spending in the July–September quarter, that it would more than double that of

B

10

18. Plants are more efficient at acquiring carbon than are fungi, in the form of carbon dioxide, and converting it to energy-rich sugars. (A) Plants are more efficient at acquiring carbon than are fungi, (B) Plants are more efficient at acquiring carbon than fungi, (C) Plants are more efficient than fungi at acquiring carbon, (D) Plants, more efficient than fungi at acquiring carbon, (E) Plants acquire carbon more efficiently than f

C

10

140

D