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Flashcards in Judaism Key Words Deck (20)
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1

Bat Mitzvah

When a girl reaches the age of 12 she is Bat Mitzvah

2

Bar Mitzvah

When a boy reaches the age of 13 he is Bar Mitzvah (Son of commandments). It is also the name given to the special ceremony celebrating this event

3

Capel

Skull Cap (Yiddish) also Kippah and Yarmulkah

4

Circumcision

The rite of cutting the foreskin of a baby boy eight days after birth. It is a sign of the covenant Abraham made with God

5

Covenant

The rite of cutting the foreskin of a baby boy eight days after birth. It is a sign of the covenant Abraham made with God

6

Dreidel

A spinning top

7

Elohim

Hebrew name for God

8

Exodus

The flight of the Jewish people from slavery in Egypt, led by Moses. Also the name of the second book of the Bible.

9

Haggadah

The prayer book used at Seder, the meal on the eve of the Passover

10

Messiah

The saviour of the Jews which they believe will one day come to earth bringing lasting peace

11

Orthodox Jews

Jews who follow strictly the teachings of Moses

12

Rabbi

A teacher of the law. He/She is important in the community and has authority over the people in the community

13

Shabbat

The Sabbath – the day of rest (Saturday)

14

Shabbat Shalom

A greeting used at Sabbath

15

Shalom

Hello, goodbye peace

16

Shofar

The ram’s horn trumpet blown in the synagogue at the services of Rosh Hashanah and at the end of Yom Kippur

17

Temple

The holy building in Jerusalem built by King Soloman, and the focal point for Jewish worship. It was destroyed by fire in AD79.

18

Ten Commandments

Laws given by God to Moses on Mount Sinai as a guide as to how to live

19

Torah

Hebrew word for “Law”. It applies particularly to the Law of Moses (Pentateuch). Holy book is called the Torah

20

Purim

The Feast of Lots which celebrates the success of Esther in preventing a massacre of the Jews by Haman