Joints Ch 7 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Joints Ch 7 Deck (14)
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1

place where bone connects to another is called

joint

2

bending towards the body or decreasing the angle between the bones or parts of the body

flexion

3

straightening away from the body or increasing the angle between the bones or paarts of the body

extension

4

movement away from the midline

abduction

5

movement toward the midline

adduction

6

combo of the 4 preceding motions as is possible with the shoulder joint

circumduction

7

turing the forearm so the palm of the hand is turned back

pronation

8

turing the forearm so the palm of the hand is toward the front

supination

9

this type of joint permits the widest range of motion-flexion, extension, abduction, and rotation (shoulder/hip)

ball and socket joint

10

(elbow, knee, finger) permits flexion and extension

hinged joint

11

this type of joint allows for a turning motion, includes the head and neck, 1st and 2nd vertebrae and wrist

pivot joint

12

simplest movement between bones, where bone slides across another to the point where surrounding structures restrict motion (small bones in hands and feet)

gliding joint

13

this joint is shaped to permit combinations of limited movements along perpendicular planes (ankle allows the foot to turn inward slightly as it moves up and down

saddle joint

14

this is a modified ball and socket joint that permits limited motion in two directions (wrists allow hand to move up and down but cannot rotate completely

condyloid joint