What is a doctor who deals with the liver called?
What are the different categories of liver functions?
What are synthetic functions of the liver?
What functions related to carbohydrates is the liver responsible for?
What is glycogenolysis?
Breakdown of glycogen to glucose
What is glycogenesis?
The formation of glycogen from glucose
What is gluconeogenesis?
Generation of glucose from non-carbohydrate substances
What protein is the liver responsible for making?
What lipids is the liver responsible for making?
Lipoprotein and triacylglyerol
What hormones is the liver responsible for making?
Insulin like growth factor
What are detoxification functions of the liver?
Urea production from ammonia
Detoxification of drugs
Breakdown of insulin and hormones
What are immune functions of the liver?
Clearing the blood of particles and infections, including bacteria
Neutralising and destroying all drugs and toxins
What are storage functions of the liver?
Stores vitamin A, D, B12 and K
Stores copper and iron
What things do liver function tests measure?
What is bilirubin a by product of?
What is bilirubin generated by?
Senescent RBCs in the spleen
What is bilirubin bound to when it is unconjugated?
What does conjugating bilirubin do?
What is bilirubin elevated as a result of?
Parenchymal damage (hepatic)
Obstruction (post hepatic)
What are aminotransferases?
Enzymes present in hepatocytes
What are examples of aminotransferases?
What can the AST/ALT ratio point towards?
Alcoholic liver disease
What is alkaline phosphotase?
Enzyme present in bile ducts
What causes alkaline phosphatase to be elevated?
Obstruction or liver infiltration
Other than the bile duct, where is alkaline phosphatase present?
What is Gamma GT?
Non-specific liver enzyme
What causes Gamma GT to be elevated?
What drugs can raise Gamma GT levels?
What do low levels of albumin suggest?
Chronic liver disease
Other than liver diseases, what else can cause low albumin levels?
Kidney disorders and malnutrition