IV Catheterization and Fluids Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in IV Catheterization and Fluids Deck (111)
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1

What are the laboratory indicators of dehydration?

PCV, Total Plasma Protein, Urine specific gravity

2

Why is the medial saphenous avoided for catheterization/IV in cats?

Difficult area, creates kinks

3

In a non-critical situation what can be administered to make catheterization easier?

SQ fluids

4

Where are central venous catheters placed?

Jugular vein or caudal vena cava (via femoral vein)

5

Catheter rate of flow depends on what?

Blood pressure, resistance in administration system, pressure or height of fluid source

6

What technique is required for IV catheterization?

Aseptic technique

7

What is used to flush out the catheter? (This must be done periodically during catheterization)

Heparinized saline or sterile saline

8

Why does the catheter have to be flushed?

To prevent clots

9

What are three types of catheters?

Winged Infusion set (Butterfly)

Over the Needle Catheter

Through the Needle Catheter

10

What are butterfly catheters used for?

Short procedures such as drug administration

11

What is the advantage of butterfly catheters?

Easy to place

12

What are the disadvantages of butterfly catheters?

Can easy lacerate the vein

Frequently slides out

13

What are some advantages of the Over-the-Needle Catheters?

Easy to place

Causes minimal discomfort

Permits maximum flow rate

Can be maintained up to 3 days

14

What are some disadvantages of Over-The-Needle catheters?

Tip can fray/burr

Hard to get through tough skin

Can be easily removed by patients

Can slide out

15

Through-The-Needle catheters are also known as what?

Intrafuser/Venocath/Intracath

16

When are Through-the-Needle catheters used?

Critical care situations

17

Large bore needle through which a catheter is threaded into a vessel.

Through the Needle Catheter

18

What are the advantages to TTN catheters?

Catheter can be maintained up to 5 days

Allows high volume fluid administration

19

What are the disadvantages to TTN catheters?

Very expensive

Difficult to place

20

What is the most common catheter?

Over-the-Needle Catheter

21

What must a bag of heparinzed saline be labeled with?

What was added

How many units added

Date prepared

Initials

 

22

Once mixed, how must heparinzed saline be stored?

Must be refrigerated

23

What is used for drip rates >100 ml/hr?

Macrodrip

24

What is used for drip rates <100 ml/hr?

Microdrip

25

What size do Microdrips come in?

Only 60 gtt/ml

26

What are "piggybacks" used for?

Administering 2 fluids at the same time

27

Which bag must be higher when administering piggybacks?

Secondary bag must be hung higher than primary

28

Piggybacks are most often used to administer what?

Antibiotics

29

What is used to control administering small amounts of fluid?

Volume Control Chambers

30

What is the IV fluid administration rate for a dog in shock?

40 ml/lb/hr (88 ml/kg/hr)