Flashcards in Is UK still a rep democ? Deck (23)
what model of govt do we follow in the UK?
burkean model - trustee model
what does burkean model mean?
we vote for MPs to represent us
how does voting work in UK?
-within constituencies, we vote for candidates to represent us, who represent a political party
-candidate with most votes becomes elected MP
-in UK, 650 constituencies to seat in Commons
give an example of MP representing constituents?
-2019 LSF climate change petition
-students gave petition to Nicky Morgan, who then discussed with Michael Gove, environment secretary
why does MP representing constituents show UK as rep democ?
-MPs, elected reps of people, can use their position to represent views of constituents in getting change for people
-make decision that will benefit the people the most
does parl look like society? (functional representation)
in many ways no
what % of society is male/female?
women 51% men 49%
in 2017, how many female MPs?
32% MPs = women
how do Conservatives and Labour differ in female MPs?
labour 45% and Conservatives 21%
what % of UK are ethnic minorities?
19.5% ethnic minorities
what % of MPs are ethnic minorities?
2017 - 8% MPs = BAME
what does lack of functional representation mean UK is not rep democ?
-many of elected reps don't understand the grievances and problems of public
-means large sects of society do not have their views represented
why is large amounts of society not having their views represented a bad thing?
-legislation produced is less legitimate as it does not consider the views of everyone in society
-only a certain few people will truly benefit from legislation
-not majority of people
how has increased use of referenda shown UK as not a rep democ?
-referenda are a form of direct democracy - exact opposite to rep democ
-undermine trustee model as they follow delegate model
what do referenda do to our MPs?
-we have elected reps who are well educated and informed to make decision in best interests of people
-by giving decisions to people, makes their job void
what does public being less educated mean?
can be easily manipulated
how were public manipulated in 2016 EU ref?
-leave campaign claimed 'we send £350m a week to the EU, lets fund our NHS instead'
-later figure proven to be completely false
-crucially many of public believed it and subsequently voted to leave
why is people being manipulated bad for rep democ?
-it was wasn't will of people being represented it was will of elite
-manipulated into thinking what they want them to think
-decisions should be made by equated elected reps, not people
what has increased use of referenda led to? (positive)
increased political participation - making UK a healthy rep democ
what can referenda do to following legislation?
referenda can legitimise any following legislation - provided there is a high turnout
what was turnout of EU ref?
what does high turnout show for UK rep democ?
-demonstrates more and more people getting involved in and participating in politics
-makes UK rep democracy stronger