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Flashcards in Introduction to qualitative research methods Deck (10)
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1

What is qualitative research?

-focuses on everyday life of people
-interested in their social worlds
-origins in anthropology (report = ethnography)

2

Why are qualtitative methods used?

-useful when little is know about a subject
-not everything can be measured in a meaningful way
-collect rich/in depth data
-small scale studies
-insight into peoples lives (within social context - natural environment)
-holisitc - focus on whole person
-EMIC perspective - insides point of view

3

What does the key term constructivism mean?

-we construct out social worlds
-reality = constructed through human activity (we invent properties of the world)
-indivs. create meaning through their interactions with each other and with their environment

4

What does the key term interpretation mean?

-closely related to idea of social construction
-interpret events and things in our lives differently

5

How are data collected?

-in-depth interviews (group/individual)
-observation

6

What are the main features of qualitative research?

-EMIC perspective - researcher explores experiences and feelings
-how these are interpreted by indivs. (not fixed - change over time)
-researcher then interprets what they see and hear

7

What are the different types of study?

Methodologies:
-ethnography
-phenomenology
-grounded theory

8

What is an ethnography?

-study of culture
-origins in anthropology
-e.g. study of the culture of a seminar group

9

What is a phenomenology?

-study of phenomena
-study of the lived experience of indivs.
-e.g. study of lived experience of being a student nurse

10

What is grounded theory?

-specific set of methods
-idea = generate a theory (set of ideas about how something works)
-e.g. how STNs are socialised in to a ward environment
-which actions lead to which outcomes and in which circumstances?
-hypotheses generated - tested out