Introduction to Alimentary System/Anatomy Overview 1 Flashcards Preview

07. Year 2: Alimentary System > Introduction to Alimentary System/Anatomy Overview 1 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Introduction to Alimentary System/Anatomy Overview 1 Deck (25)
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1

What is the peritoneum wall completely surrounded by?

Muscle

2

What is A?

Diaphragm

3

What is B?

Lumbar vertebral column

4

What is C?

Pelvic floor muscles

5

What is D?

Abdominal wall muscles

6

What direction is the image looking in?

Anterior

7

What direction is the image looking in?

Posterior

8

What direction is the image looking in?

Superior

9

What direction is the image looking in?

Inferior

10

What is the peritoneum?

A thin (single cell thick), serous (lubricated) layer which lines the abdominopelvic cavity and surrounds the organs within it

11

How many cells thick is the peritoneum?

1

12

What does serous mean?

Lubricated

13

What does the peritoneum line?

Abdominopelvic cavity and the organs within it

14

What are the 2 different ways organs within the peritoneum can be?

Retroperitoneal

Intraperitoneal/on a mesentery

15

Which of intraperitoneal and retroperitoneal parts of the gut tube are more mobile?

Intraperitoneal

16

What are omenta?

Double folds of peritoneum passing from the stomach and duodenum to other organs or the body wall

17

What are ligaments in terms of the peritoneum?

Varied double layers of peritoneum which span between organs and organs or the body wall

18

What are mesentery?

Continuous set of tissues that attaches the intestines to the posterior abdominal wall and is formed by the double fold of the peritoneum

19

What are functions of the mesentery?

Store fat

Allows blood vessels, lymphatic vessels and nerves to supply the intestines

20

What are the two sides of the peritoneum?

Parietal peritoneum

Visceral paritoneum

21

Which of parietal and visceral peritoneum is more superficial?

Parietal peritoneum

22

What is the greater omentum?

Large apron like fold of visceral peritoneum that hangs down from the stomach

23

What can the peritoneum cavity be divided into?

Greater and lesser sacs

24

What are the greater and lesser sac connected by?

Short neck

Also known as Epiploic foramen 

25

Where is the lesser sac found?

Behind the stomach