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Flashcards in Intro to Philosophy Deck (42)
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1

Philosophical study on the correct process of thinking

Logic

2

Greek word which means “The formal systematic study of the principles of valid interference and correct reasoning”.

Logiké

3

How knowledge relates to truth, belief, and justification.

Epistemology

4

The means of production of knowledge.

Epistemology

5

Investigates principles of reality transcending those of any particular science.

Metaphysics

6

Traditional Branches of Metaphysics

Ontology and Cosmology

7

Philosophical study on the morality of human actions.

Ethics

8

Study of the universe in its totality, and by extension, humanity’s place in it.

Cosmology

9

Philosophical study of the nature of being.

Ontology

10

Deals with questions concerning what entities exists.

Ontology

11

Take the broadest possible perspective on a subject of inquiry.

Philosophy as a Speculative Thinking

12

To judge; to analyze.

Philosophy as Critical Thinking

13

A systematic, rigorous, disciplined thinking that involves being part of and experiencing the world.

Philosophy as Reflective Inquiry

14

“The whole universe is composed of different forms of water.”

Thales

15

“The whole universe is composed of air.”

Anaximenes

16

“The whole universe is composed of fire.”

Heraclitus

17

“The whole universe is composed of the infinite or boundless.”

Anaximander

18

Enquiry inti the nature of existence, being and the world.

Metaphysics

19

All things are composed of materials.

Materialists

20

The essence of the universe could be encountered through the study of mathematics.

Pythagoras

21

3 Aspects of the Human Nature

Somatc, Behavioral, Attitudinal

22

The body. The material composition and the substance.

Somatic

23

A person’s mode of acting.

Behavioral

24

A person’s feelings, inclinations, convictions, prejudices or bias, or disposition towards a certain type of activity.

Attitudinal

25

According to him, a human person has an immortal soul that has the capacity to have motion coming from the inside.

Plato

26

A human person has an immortal soul that has the capacity to have motion coming from the inside. It is immortal.

The Human Person as an Immortal Soul

27

According to him, the body is composed of matter, shape or form and the product of both.

Aristotle

28

The body is composed of matter, shape or form and the product of both.

The Human Person as a Composite Body and Soul

29

He said that the nature of a human person is pure mind.

René Descartes

30

The nature of a human person is pure mind.

The Human Being is a “Thinking Thing”